Epstein-Barr Virus in Gastric Carcinoma
AbstractThe Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is detected in about 10% of gastric carcinoma cases throughout the world. In EBV-associated gastric carcinoma, all tumor cells harbor the clonal EBV genome. Gastric carcinoma associated with EBV has distinct clinicopathological features, occurs predominately in men and in younger-aged individuals, and presents a generally diffuse histological type. Most cases of EBV-associated gastric carcinoma exhibit a histology rich in lymphocyte infiltration. The immunological reactiveness in the host may represent a relatively preferable prognosis in EBV-positive cases. This fact highlights the important role of EBV in the development of EBV-associated gastric carcinoma. We have clearly proved direct infection of human gastric epithelialcells by EBV. The infection was achieved by using a recombinant EBV. Promotion of growth by EBV infection was observed in the cells. Considerable data suggest that EBV may directly contribute to the development of EBV-associated GC. This tumor-promoting effect seems to involve multiple mechanisms, because EBV affects several host proteins and pathways that normally promote apoptosis and regulate cell proliferation. View Full-Text
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Nishikawa, J.; Yoshiyama, H.; Iizasa, H.; Kanehiro, Y.; Nakamura, M.; Nishimura, J.; Saito, M.; Okamoto, T.; Sakai, K.; Suehiro, Y.; Yamasaki, T.; Oga, A.; Yanai, H.; Sakaida, I. Epstein-Barr Virus in Gastric Carcinoma. Cancers 2014, 6, 2259-2274.
Nishikawa J, Yoshiyama H, Iizasa H, Kanehiro Y, Nakamura M, Nishimura J, Saito M, Okamoto T, Sakai K, Suehiro Y, Yamasaki T, Oga A, Yanai H, Sakaida I. Epstein-Barr Virus in Gastric Carcinoma. Cancers. 2014; 6(4):2259-2274.Chicago/Turabian Style
Nishikawa, Jun; Yoshiyama, Hironori; Iizasa, Hisashi; Kanehiro, Yuichi; Nakamura, Munetaka; Nishimura, Junichi; Saito, Mari; Okamoto, Takeshi; Sakai, Kouhei; Suehiro, Yutaka; Yamasaki, Takahiro; Oga, Atsunori; Yanai, Hideo; Sakaida, Isao. 2014. "Epstein-Barr Virus in Gastric Carcinoma." Cancers 6, no. 4: 2259-2274.