Abstract: Glioma represents a serious health problem worldwide. Despite advances in surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and targeting therapy, the disease remains one of the most lethal malignancies in humans, and new approaches to improvement of the efficacy of anti-glioma treatments are urgently needed. Thus, new therapeutic targets and tools should be developed based on a better understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of glioma. In this context, microRNAs (miRNAs), a class of small, non-coding RNAs, play a pivotal role in the development of the malignant phenotype of glioma cells, including cell survival, proliferation, differentiation, tumor angiogenesis, and stem cell generation. This review will discuss the biological functions of miRNAs in human glioma and their implications in improving clinical diagnosis, prediction of prognosis, and anti-glioma therapy.
Keywords: glioma; microRNA; biological function; gap filler; amplifier; crosstalk; biomarker
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Li, M.; Li, J.; Liu, L.; Li, W.; Yang, Y.; Yuan, J. MicroRNA in Human Glioma. Cancers 2013, 5, 1306-1331.
Li M, Li J, Liu L, Li W, Yang Y, Yuan J. MicroRNA in Human Glioma. Cancers. 2013; 5(4):1306-1331.
Li, Mengfeng; Li, Jun; Liu, Lei; Li, Wei; Yang, Yi; Yuan, Jie. 2013. "MicroRNA in Human Glioma." Cancers 5, no. 4: 1306-1331.