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Carbon Ion Radiotherapy at the Gunma University Heavy Ion Medical Center: New Facility Set-up
Gunma University Heavy Ion Medical Center, Gunma University, Showa 3-39-22, Maebashi, Gunma 371-8511, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 August 2011; in revised form: 30 September 2011 / Accepted: 13 October 2011 / Published: 26 October 2011
Abstract: Carbon ion radiotherapy (C-ion RT) offers superior dose conformity in the treatment of deep-seated tumors compared with conventional X-ray therapy. In addition, carbon ion beams have a higher relative biological effectiveness compared with protons or X-ray beams. C-ion RT for the first patient at Gunma University Heavy Ion Medical Center (GHMC) was initiated in March of 2010. The major specifications of the facility were determined based on the experience of clinical treatments at the National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS), with the size and cost being reduced to one-third of those at NIRS. The currently indicated sites of cancer treatment at GHMC are lung, prostate, head and neck, liver, rectum, bone and soft tissue. Between March 2010 and July 2011, a total of 177 patients were treated at GHMC although a total of 100 patients was the design specification during the period in considering the optimal machine performance. In the present article, we introduce the facility set-up of GHMC, including the facility design, treatment planning systems, and clinical preparations.
Keywords: carbon ion radiotherapy; cancer treatment; high LET; facility set-up
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Ohno, T.; Kanai, T.; Yamada, S.; Yusa, K.; Tashiro, M.; Shimada, H.; Torikai, K.; Yoshida, Y.; Kitada, Y.; Katoh, H.; Ishii, T.; Nakano, T. Carbon Ion Radiotherapy at the Gunma University Heavy Ion Medical Center: New Facility Set-up. Cancers 2011, 3, 4046-4060.
Ohno T, Kanai T, Yamada S, Yusa K, Tashiro M, Shimada H, Torikai K, Yoshida Y, Kitada Y, Katoh H, Ishii T, Nakano T. Carbon Ion Radiotherapy at the Gunma University Heavy Ion Medical Center: New Facility Set-up. Cancers. 2011; 3(4):4046-4060.
Ohno, Tatsuya; Kanai, Tatsuaki; Yamada, Satoru; Yusa, Ken; Tashiro, Mutsumi; Shimada, Hirofumi; Torikai, Kota; Yoshida, Yukari; Kitada, Yoko; Katoh, Hiroyuki; Ishii, Takayoshi; Nakano, Takashi. 2011. "Carbon Ion Radiotherapy at the Gunma University Heavy Ion Medical Center: New Facility Set-up." Cancers 3, no. 4: 4046-4060.