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Micromachines 2017, 8(7), 202;

Electronic Devices That Identify Individuals with Fever in Crowded Places: A Prototype

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Av. Universidad 3000 C.P. 04510 Ciudad de México, México
Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Mećanica y Eléctrica. Av. Santa Ana 1000, San Francisco Culhuacan, C.P. 04430 Ciudad de México, México
Hospital Juárez de México. Av. Instituto Politécnico Nacional 5160, Magdalena de las Salinas, C.P. 07760 Ciudad de México, México
Centro de Investigaciones Químicas. Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos. Av. Universidad 1001 C.P. 62209 Cuernavaca, Morelos, México
Department of Computer Science, Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, Óptica y Electrónica. Santa María Tonanzintla 1, 72840 Puebla, México
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 May 2017 / Revised: 14 June 2017 / Accepted: 16 June 2017 / Published: 24 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Medical Microdevices and Micromachines)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1994 KB, uploaded 24 June 2017]   |  


Most epidemiological surveillance systems for severe infections with epidemic potential are based on accumulated symptomatic cases in defined geographical areas. Eventually, all cases have to be clinically verified to confirm an outbreak. These patients will present high fever at the early stages of the disease. Here, we introduce a non-invasive low-cost electronic device (bracelet) that measures and reports 24/7, year-round information on the temperature, geographical location, and identification of the subject using the device. The data receiver can be installed in a tower (ground) or a drone (air) in densely populated or remote areas. The prototype was made with low-cost electronic components, and it was tested indoors and outdoors. The prototype shows efficient ground and air connectivity. This electronic device will allow health professionals to monitor the prevalence of fever in a geographical area and to reduce the time span between the presentation of the first cases of a potential outbreak and their medical evaluation by giving an early warning. Field tests of the device, programs, and technical diagrams of the prototype are available as Supplementary Materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: fever; drone; electronic devices; Arduino platform; translational medicine fever; drone; electronic devices; Arduino platform; translational medicine

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Polanco González, C.; Islas Vazquez, I.; Castañón González, J.A.; Buhse, T.; Arias-Estrada, M. Electronic Devices That Identify Individuals with Fever in Crowded Places: A Prototype. Micromachines 2017, 8, 202.

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