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Micromachines 2017, 8(11), 334; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi8110334

Fabrication and Actuation of an Electrowetting Droplet Array on a Flexible Substrate

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
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Received: 22 September 2017 / Revised: 25 October 2017 / Accepted: 15 November 2017 / Published: 18 November 2017
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Abstract

Electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWOD) is a fast, well-established actuation method for a variety of applications, from microfluidics to electrowetting displays to electrowetting lenses. We therefore seek to develop a robust, scalable fabrication method for the realization of EWOD on a flexible polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrate in order to increase the range of possible applications. We fabricated a 5 × 5 array of individually controlled electrowetting cells to manipulate silicone oil droplets via EWOD. The fabrication process utilized exclusively flexible materials to improve the robustness of the overall device, and processing methods were adapted to accommodate the particular challenges posed by flexible materials. Simulation of the EWOD devices was conducted using ANSYS Fluent and showed the change in contact angle in response to voltage applied. Fabricated devices were also tested, with actuation of the oil droplet observed with up to 100 V (RMS) AC applied across underlying electrodes. We demonstrated fabrication of a fully flexible array and verified actuation to center droplets over the electrodes. This work may be expanded to address more specific flexible applications for EWOD. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrowetting actuators; flexible materials; electrowetting array; EWOD electrowetting actuators; flexible materials; electrowetting array; EWOD
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Van Grinsven, K.L.; Ousati Ashtiani, A.; Jiang, H. Fabrication and Actuation of an Electrowetting Droplet Array on a Flexible Substrate. Micromachines 2017, 8, 334.

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