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Micromachines 2017, 8(10), 292; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi8100292

Real Time Monitoring of Children, and Adults with Mental Disabilities Using a Low-Cost Non-Invasive Electronic Device

1
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico, Mexico City 04510, Mexico
2
Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Mećanica y Eléctrica, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Mexico City 07738, Mexico
3
Centro de Investigación en Computación, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Mexico City 07738, Mexico
4
Department of Computer Science, Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, Óptica y Electrónica, Puebla 72840, Mexico
5
Centro de Investigaciones Químicas, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, Morelos 62209, Mexico
6
Department of Infectious Diseases, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City 14080, Mexico
7
Unidad de Investigación de Enfermedades Metabólicas, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán/Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey TecSalud, Mexico City 14080, Mexico
8
Unidad de Apoyo a la Investigación Clínica, Instituto Nacional de Pediatría, Mexico City 04530, Mexico
9
Department of Molecular Medicine and USF Health Byrd Alzheimer’s Research Institute, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33647, USA
10
Institute for Biological Instrumentation, Russian Academy of Sciences, 142290 Moscow Region, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 June 2017 / Revised: 11 September 2017 / Accepted: 26 September 2017 / Published: 28 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Medical Microdevices and Micromachines)
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Abstract

There are a growing number of small children—as well as adults—with mental disabilities (including elderly citizens with Alzheimer’s disease or other forms of age-related dementia) that are getting lost in rural and urban areas for various reasons. Establishing their location within the first 72 h is crucial because lost people are exposed to all kinds of adverse conditions and in the case of the elderly, this is further aggravated if prescribed medication is needed. Herein we describe a non-invasive, low-cost electronic device that operates constantly, keeping track of time, the geographical location and the identification of the subject using it. The prototype was made using commercial low-cost electronic components. This electronic device shows high connectivity in open and closed areas and identifies the geographical location of a lost subject. We freely provide the software and technical diagrams of the prototypes. View Full-Text
Keywords: electronic devices; real time monitoring; mental disabilities; children; Arduino® platform electronic devices; real time monitoring; mental disabilities; children; Arduino® platform
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Polanco, C.; Vazquez, I.I.; Martinez-Rivas, A.; Arias-Estrada, M.; Buhse, T.; Calva, J.J.; Aguilar Salinas, C.; Pimentel Hernández, C.; Uversky, V.N. Real Time Monitoring of Children, and Adults with Mental Disabilities Using a Low-Cost Non-Invasive Electronic Device. Micromachines 2017, 8, 292.

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