Two-Layer Microstructures Fabricated by One-Step Anisotropic Wet Etching of Si in KOH Solution†
AbstractAnisotropic etching of silicon in potassium hydroxide (KOH) is an important technology in micromachining. The residue deposition from KOH etching of Si is typically regarded as a disadvantage of this technology. In this report, we make use of this residue as a second masking layer to fabricate two-layer complex structures. Square patterns with size in the range of 15–150 μm and gap distance of 5 μm have been designed and tested. The residue masking layer appears when the substrate is over-etched in hydrofluoric acid (HF) solution over a threshold. The two-layer structures of micropyramids surrounded by wall-like structures are obtained according to the two different masking layers of SiO2 and residue. The residue masking layer is stable and can survive over KOH etching for long time to achieve deep Si etching. The process parameters of etchant concentration, temperature, etching time and pattern size have been investigated. With well-controlled two-layer structures, useful structures could be designed for applications in plasmonic and microfluidic devices in the future. View Full-Text
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Lu, H.; Zhang, H.; Jin, M.; He, T.; Zhou, G.; Shui, L. Two-Layer Microstructures Fabricated by One-Step Anisotropic Wet Etching of Si in KOH Solution. Micromachines 2016, 7, 19.
Lu H, Zhang H, Jin M, He T, Zhou G, Shui L. Two-Layer Microstructures Fabricated by One-Step Anisotropic Wet Etching of Si in KOH Solution. Micromachines. 2016; 7(2):19.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lu, Han; Zhang, Hua; Jin, Mingliang; He, Tao; Zhou, Guofu; Shui, Lingling. 2016. "Two-Layer Microstructures Fabricated by One-Step Anisotropic Wet Etching of Si in KOH Solution." Micromachines 7, no. 2: 19.
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