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Micromachines 2016, 7(12), 219; doi:10.3390/mi7120219

A Resonant Piezoelectric Diaphragm Pump Transferring Gas with Compact Structure

School of Mechanical Science and Engineering, College of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130025, China
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Academic Editor: Nam-Trung Nguyen
Received: 11 October 2016 / Revised: 17 November 2016 / Accepted: 24 November 2016 / Published: 1 December 2016
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Abstract

In order to improve the output capacity of a piezoelectric pump when transferring gas, this paper presents a compact resonant piezoelectric diaphragm pump (hereinafter referred to as the piezoelectric diaphragm pump), which is driven by a rectangular piezoelectric vibrator. The compact structure can effectively release the vibrating constraints of the vibrator, and enlarge its center output displacement, so as to increase the volume change rate of the pump chamber. Based on the structure and the working principle of this piezoelectric diaphragm pump, a dynamic model for the diaphragm system is established in this paper, and an analysis on factors affecting the resonant frequency of the system is then conducted. We tested on the prototype under the driving voltage of 260 Vpp. The results show that the diaphragm system reaches resonance under the driving frequency of 265 Hz, which is very close to the fundamental frequency of check valve. Compared with the rectangular piezoelectric vibrator’s amplitude, the diaphragm’s amplitude is double amplified. At this time, the piezoelectric diaphragm pump achieves the maximum gas flow rate as 186.8 mL/min and the maximum output pressure as 56.7 kPa. View Full-Text
Keywords: rectangular piezoelectric vibrator; resonance; piezoelectric diaphragm pump; piezoelectric gas pump; diaphragm system rectangular piezoelectric vibrator; resonance; piezoelectric diaphragm pump; piezoelectric gas pump; diaphragm system
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, J.; Liu, Y.; Shen, Y.; Chen, S.; Yang, Z. A Resonant Piezoelectric Diaphragm Pump Transferring Gas with Compact Structure. Micromachines 2016, 7, 219.

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