Next Article in Journal
WiFi-Aided Magnetic Matching for Indoor Navigation with Consumer Portable Devices
Next Article in Special Issue
Insect-Inspired Micropump: Flow in a Tube with Local Contractions
Previous Article in Journal
Reciprocal Estimation of Pedestrian Location and Motion State toward a Smartphone Geo-Context Computing Solution
Previous Article in Special Issue
Design and Implementation of a Bionic Mimosa Robot with Delicate Leaf Swing Behavior
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Micromachines 2015, 6(6), 718-746; doi:10.3390/mi6060718

Towards Improved Airborne Fire Detection Systems Using Beetle Inspired Infrared Detection and Fire Searching Strategies

1
Peter Grünberg Institut, Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich, Germany
2
Institut für Zoologie, Universität Bonn, Meckenheimer Allee 169, 53115 Bonn, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gijs Krijnen
Received: 31 March 2015 / Accepted: 29 May 2015 / Published: 16 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomimetic Systems)

Abstract

Every year forest fires cause severe financial losses in many countries of the world. Additionally, lives of humans as well as of countless animals are often lost. Due to global warming, the problem of wildfires is getting out of control; hence, the burning of thousands of hectares is obviously increasing. Most important, therefore, is the early detection of an emerging fire before its intensity becomes too high. More than ever, a need for early warning systems capable of detecting small fires from distances as large as possible exists. A look to nature shows that pyrophilous “fire beetles” of the genus Melanophila can be regarded as natural airborne fire detection systems because their larvae can only develop in the wood of fire-killed trees. There is evidence that Melanophila beetles can detect large fires from distances of more than 100 km by visual and infrared cues. In a biomimetic approach, a concept has been developed to use the surveying strategy of the “fire beetles” for the reliable detection of a smoke plume of a fire from large distances by means of a basal infrared emission zone. Future infrared sensors necessary for this ability are also inspired by the natural infrared receptors of Melanophila beetles. View Full-Text
Keywords: forest fire; fire detection; infrared sensor; early warning system; pyrophilous insect; Melanophila beetle forest fire; fire detection; infrared sensor; early warning system; pyrophilous insect; Melanophila beetle
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Bousack, H.; Kahl, T.; Schmitz, A.; Schmitz, H. Towards Improved Airborne Fire Detection Systems Using Beetle Inspired Infrared Detection and Fire Searching Strategies. Micromachines 2015, 6, 718-746.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Micromachines EISSN 2072-666X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top