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Guard Cell and Tropomyosin Inspired Chemical Sensor
Department of Engineering, James Madison University, 801 Carrier Drive, MSC 4113 Harrisonburg, VA 22807, USA
Received: 26 May 2013; in revised form: 30 September 2013 / Accepted: 11 October 2013 / Published: 18 October 2013
Abstract: Sensors are an integral part of many engineered products and systems. Biological inspiration has the potential to improve current sensor designs as well as inspire innovative ones. This paper presents the design of an innovative, biologically-inspired chemical sensor that performs “up-front” processing through mechanical means. Inspiration from the physiology (function) of the guard cell coupled with the morphology (form) and physiology of tropomyosin resulted in two concept variants for the chemical sensor. Applications of the sensor design include environmental monitoring of harmful gases, and a non-invasive approach to detect illnesses including diabetes, liver disease, and cancer on the breath.
Keywords: biomimicry; bioinspired sensor; chemical sensor; function; design; physiology; morphology
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MDPI and ACS Style
Nagel, J.K. Guard Cell and Tropomyosin Inspired Chemical Sensor. Micromachines 2013, 4, 378-401.
Nagel JK. Guard Cell and Tropomyosin Inspired Chemical Sensor. Micromachines. 2013; 4(4):378-401.
Nagel, Jacquelyn K. 2013. "Guard Cell and Tropomyosin Inspired Chemical Sensor." Micromachines 4, no. 4: 378-401.