Differences in Genetic Background Contribute to Pseudomonas Exotoxin A-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Rats
AbstractPseudomonas aeruginosa exotoxin A (PEA) causes severe hepatotoxicity in experimental animals and is useful in investigations of immune-mediated liver injury. However, strain differences in the sensitivity to PEA-induced hepatotoxicity in rats remains be elucidated. In this study, we determined the severity of PEA-induced hepatotoxicity in six genetically different rat strains. Male LE (Long Evans), Wistar, F344, WKY, BN/SsN and LEW rats were administered a single intravenous injection of PEA (20 μg/kg). Significantly elevated serum ALT and AST levels, massive necrosis and hemorrhage, and numerous TUNEL-positive hepatocytes were observed in BN/SsN rats. In contrast, low levels of ALT and AST as well as mild changes in liver histopathology were observed in Wistar and F344 rats. Moderate levels of hepatic injuries were observed in LE, WKY, and LEW rats. Pro-inflammatory cytokines including TNF-α, IL-2 and IL-6 serum levels were markedly increased in BN/SsN rats compared to Wistar and F344 rats. However, the hepatic levels of low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP), which functions as the PEA receptor, were not significantly different in each strain. Taken together, we suggest that BN/SsN is the most sensitive rat strain, whereas Wistar and F344 were the most resistant rat strains to PEA-induced liver damage. The different genetic background of rat strains plays an important role in the susceptibility to PEA-induced epatotoxicity that may depend on immune-regulation but not LRP receptor levels. View Full-Text
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Chiu, C.-C.; Wang, Y.-C.; Huang, W.-C.; Chen, Y.-H.; Hung, S.-W.; Huang, Y.-T.; Chuang, H.-L.; Chang, Y.-C. Differences in Genetic Background Contribute to Pseudomonas Exotoxin A-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Rats. Toxins 2017, 9, 224.
Chiu C-C, Wang Y-C, Huang W-C, Chen Y-H, Hung S-W, Huang Y-T, Chuang H-L, Chang Y-C. Differences in Genetic Background Contribute to Pseudomonas Exotoxin A-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Rats. Toxins. 2017; 9(7):224.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chiu, Chien-Chao; Wang, Yu-Chih; Huang, Wen-Ching; Chen, Yi-Hsun; Hung, Shao-Wen; Huang, Yen-Te; Chuang, Hsiao-Li; Chang, Yi-Chih. 2017. "Differences in Genetic Background Contribute to Pseudomonas Exotoxin A-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Rats." Toxins 9, no. 7: 224.
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