Comparative Transcriptome Analysis of Penicillium citrinum Cultured with Different Carbon Sources Identifies Genes Involved in Citrinin Biosynthesis
AbstractCitrinin is a toxic secondary metabolite of Penicillium citrinum and its contamination in many food items has been widely reported. However, research on the citrinin biosynthesis pathway and its regulation mechanism in P. citrinum is rarely reported. In this study, we investigated the effect of different carbon sources on citrinin production by P. citrinum and used transcriptome analysis to study the underlying molecular mechanism. Our results indicated that glucose, used as the sole carbon source, could significantly promote citrinin production by P. citrinum in Czapek’s broth medium compared with sucrose. A total of 19,967 unigenes were annotated by BLAST in Nr, Nt, Swiss-Prot and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) databases. Transcriptome comparison between P. citrinum cultured with sucrose and glucose revealed 1085 differentially expressed unigenes. Among them, 610 were upregulated while 475 were downregulated under glucose as compared to sucrose. KEGG pathway and Gene ontology (GO) analysis indicated that many metabolic processes (e.g., carbohydrate, secondary metabolism, fatty acid and amino acid metabolism) were affected, and potentially interesting genes that encoded putative components of signal transduction, stress response and transcription factor were identified. These genes obviously had important impacts on their regulation in citrinin biosynthesis, which provides a better understanding of the molecular mechanism of citrinin biosynthesis by P. citrinum. View Full-Text
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Li, T.; Jiang, G.; Qu, H.; Wang, Y.; Xiong, Y.; Jian, Q.; Wu, Y.; Duan, X.; Zhu, X.; Hu, W.; Wang, J.; Gong, L.; Jiang, Y. Comparative Transcriptome Analysis of Penicillium citrinum Cultured with Different Carbon Sources Identifies Genes Involved in Citrinin Biosynthesis. Toxins 2017, 9, 69.
Li T, Jiang G, Qu H, Wang Y, Xiong Y, Jian Q, Wu Y, Duan X, Zhu X, Hu W, Wang J, Gong L, Jiang Y. Comparative Transcriptome Analysis of Penicillium citrinum Cultured with Different Carbon Sources Identifies Genes Involved in Citrinin Biosynthesis. Toxins. 2017; 9(2):69.Chicago/Turabian Style
Li, Taotao; Jiang, Guoxiang; Qu, Hongxia; Wang, Yong; Xiong, Yehui; Jian, Qijie; Wu, Yu; Duan, Xuewu; Zhu, Xiangrong; Hu, Wenzhong; Wang, Jiasheng; Gong, Liang; Jiang, Yueming. 2017. "Comparative Transcriptome Analysis of Penicillium citrinum Cultured with Different Carbon Sources Identifies Genes Involved in Citrinin Biosynthesis." Toxins 9, no. 2: 69.
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