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Toxins 2015, 7(12), 5408-5416; doi:10.3390/toxins7124892

Toxicosis by Plant Alkaloids in Humans and Animals in Colombia

Laboratorio de Toxicología, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y de Zootecnia, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia
Academic Editor: Kevin Welch
Received: 3 November 2015 / Revised: 19 November 2015 / Accepted: 4 December 2015 / Published: 11 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Collection Toxicity of Natural Alkaloids)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [188 KB, uploaded 11 December 2015]

Abstract

Due to its tropical location, chains of mountains, inter-Andean valleys, Amazon basin area, eastern plains and shores on both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, Colombia has many ecosystems and the second largest plant biodiversity in the world. Many plant species, both native and naturalized, are currently recognized as toxic for both animals and humans, and some of them are known to cause their toxic effects due to their alkaloid content. Among these, there are plants containing the hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids, neurotoxins such as the indolizidine alkaloid swainsonine and the piperidine alkaloids coniine and γ-coniceine and tropane alkaloids. Unfortunately, the research in toxic plants in Colombia is not nearly proportional to its plant biodiversity and the scientific information available is only very scarce. The present review aims at summarizing the scarce information about plant alkaloid toxicosis in animals and humans in Colombia. View Full-Text
Keywords: toxic alkaloids; toxic plants; Colombia toxic alkaloids; toxic plants; Colombia
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Diaz, G.J. Toxicosis by Plant Alkaloids in Humans and Animals in Colombia. Toxins 2015, 7, 5408-5416.

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