Next Article in Journal
Previous Article in Journal
Toxins 2014, 6(1), 20-32; doi:10.3390/toxins6010020
Article

Incidence and Levels of Deoxynivalenol, Fumonisins and Zearalenone Contaminants in Animal Feeds Used in Korea in 2012

1
, 2
, 2
, 2
, 2
, 2
 and 2,*
Received: 23 September 2013; in revised form: 9 December 2013 / Accepted: 17 December 2013 / Published: 23 December 2013
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [206 KB, uploaded 23 December 2013]
Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate the occurrence and levels of deoxynivalenol (DON), fumonisins B1 and B2 (FBs), and zearalenone (ZEN) contaminants in animal feeds used in Korea in 2012. Contamination with DON was observed in 91.33% and 53.33% in compound feeds and feed ingredients, respectively. Among compound feeds, poultry layer feed (laying) exhibited the highest contaminant level of 1.492 mg/kg. FBs contaminants were present in compound feeds and feed ingredients at 93.33% and 83.33%, respectively. Most poultry broiler (early) feeds were highly contaminated with FBs, and one of these feeds detected the level as 12.823 mg/kg as the highest level. The levels of ZEN in compound feeds and feed ingredients were 71.33% and 47%, respectively. Ninety-eight percent of compound feeds for cattle were contaminated with ZEN, and the highest contamination level of 0.405 mg/kg was observed in cattle fatting feeds.
Keywords: Fusarium; deoxynivalenol; fumonisin B1; fumonisin B2; zearalenone; compound feeds; feed ingredients Fusarium; deoxynivalenol; fumonisin B1; fumonisin B2; zearalenone; compound feeds; feed ingredients
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, D.-H.; Lee, I.-H.; Do, W.-H.; Nam, W.-S.; Li, H.; Jang, H.-S.; Lee, C. Incidence and Levels of Deoxynivalenol, Fumonisins and Zearalenone Contaminants in Animal Feeds Used in Korea in 2012. Toxins 2014, 6, 20-32.

AMA Style

Kim D-H, Lee I-H, Do W-H, Nam W-S, Li H, Jang H-S, Lee C. Incidence and Levels of Deoxynivalenol, Fumonisins and Zearalenone Contaminants in Animal Feeds Used in Korea in 2012. Toxins. 2014; 6(1):20-32.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Dong-Ho; Lee, In-Hye; Do, Woo-Hyun; Nam, Woo-Seon; Li, Hua; Jang, Han-Sub; Lee, Chan. 2014. "Incidence and Levels of Deoxynivalenol, Fumonisins and Zearalenone Contaminants in Animal Feeds Used in Korea in 2012." Toxins 6, no. 1: 20-32.



Toxins EISSN 2072-6651 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert