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Toxins 2013, 5(7), 1230-1243; doi:10.3390/toxins5071230
Article

Fluoxetine Induced Suicidal Erythrocyte Death

1
, 2
, 1, 1
, 1
 and 1,*
Received: 23 May 2013; in revised form: 28 June 2013 / Accepted: 4 July 2013 / Published: 15 July 2013
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Abstract: The antidepressant fluoxetine inhibits ceramide producing acid sphingomyelinase. Ceramide is in turn known to trigger eryptosis the suicidal death of erythrocytes characterized by cell shrinkage and exposure of phosphatidylserine at the erythrocyte surface. Ceramide is effective through sensitizing the erythrocytes to the pro-eryptotic effect of increased cytosolic Ca2+ activity ([Ca2+]i). In nucleated cells, fluoxetine could either inhibit or stimulate suicidal death or apoptosis. The present study tested whether fluoxetine influences eryptosis. To this end cell volume was estimated from forward scatter, phosphatidylserine exposure from annexin V binding, hemolysis from hemoglobin release and [Ca2+]i from Fluo-3 fluorescence intensity. As a result, a 48 h exposure of erythrocytes to fluoxetine (≥25 µM) significantly decreased forward scatter, increased annexin V binding and enhanced [Ca2+]i. The effect on annexin V binding was significantly blunted, but not abolished, in the absence of extracellular Ca2+. In conclusion, fluoxetine stimulates eryptosis, an effect at least in part due to increase of cytosolic Ca2+ activity.
Keywords: phosphatidylserine; fluoxetine; calcium; cell volume; eryptosis phosphatidylserine; fluoxetine; calcium; cell volume; eryptosis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jilani, K.; Enkel, S.; Bissinger, R.; Almilaji, A.; Abed, M.; Lang, F. Fluoxetine Induced Suicidal Erythrocyte Death. Toxins 2013, 5, 1230-1243.

AMA Style

Jilani K, Enkel S, Bissinger R, Almilaji A, Abed M, Lang F. Fluoxetine Induced Suicidal Erythrocyte Death. Toxins. 2013; 5(7):1230-1243.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jilani, Kashif; Enkel, Sigrid; Bissinger, Rosi; Almilaji, Ahmad; Abed, Majed; Lang, Florian. 2013. "Fluoxetine Induced Suicidal Erythrocyte Death." Toxins 5, no. 7: 1230-1243.


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