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A Three-Year Survey on the Worldwide Occurrence of Mycotoxins in Feedstuffs and Feed
BIOMIN Singapore Pte Ltd., 3791 Jalan Bukit Merah #08-08, E-Centre@Redhill, Singapore
BIOMIN Holding GmbH, Industriestrasse 21, Herzogenburg 3130, Austria
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 July 2012; in revised form: 30 August 2012 / Accepted: 31 August 2012 / Published: 12 September 2012
Abstract: Between January 2009 and December 2011, a total of 7049 corn, soybean/soybean meal, wheat, dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) and finished feed samples were analyzed for the occurrence of aflatoxins (Afla), zearalenone (ZEN), deoxynivalenol (DON), fumonisins (FUM) and ochratoxin A (OTA). Samples were sourced in the Americas, Europe and Asia. Afla, ZEN, DON, FUM and OTA were present respectively in 33%, 45%, 59% 64% and 28% of analyzed samples between 2009 and 2011. From the 23,781 mycotoxin analyzes performed, 81% were positive for at least one mycotoxin. Results of this survey are provided by calendar year, in order to potentially show different trends on mycotoxin occurrence in distinct years: by commodity type and within the same commodity, and by region, to potentially reveal differences in mycotoxin contamination in commodities sourced in diverse regions.
Keywords: aflatoxins; deoxynivalenol; fumonisins; zearalenone; ochratoxin A; mycotoxins; occurrence; survey
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MDPI and ACS Style
Rodrigues, I.; Naehrer, K. A Three-Year Survey on the Worldwide Occurrence of Mycotoxins in Feedstuffs and Feed. Toxins 2012, 4, 663-675.
Rodrigues I, Naehrer K. A Three-Year Survey on the Worldwide Occurrence of Mycotoxins in Feedstuffs and Feed. Toxins. 2012; 4(9):663-675.
Rodrigues, Inês; Naehrer, Karin. 2012. "A Three-Year Survey on the Worldwide Occurrence of Mycotoxins in Feedstuffs and Feed." Toxins 4, no. 9: 663-675.