Next Article in Journal
Macrophage-Targeted Therapy: CD64-Based Immunotoxins for Treatment of Chronic Inflammatory Diseases
Next Article in Special Issue
Aspergillus Oxylipin Signaling and Quorum Sensing Pathways Depend on G Protein-Coupled Receptors
Previous Article in Journal
Comparative Immunohistochemical Analysis of Ochratoxin A Tumourigenesis in Rats and Urinary Tract Carcinoma in Humans; Mechanistic Significance of p-S6 Ribosomal Protein Expression
Toxins 2012, 4(9), 663-675; doi:10.3390/toxins4090663
Article

A Three-Year Survey on the Worldwide Occurrence of Mycotoxins in Feedstuffs and Feed

1,*  and 2
Received: 31 July 2012; in revised form: 30 August 2012 / Accepted: 31 August 2012 / Published: 12 September 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mycotoxins in Food and Feed)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [170 KB, uploaded 12 September 2012]
Abstract: Between January 2009 and December 2011, a total of 7049 corn, soybean/soybean meal, wheat, dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) and finished feed samples were analyzed for the occurrence of aflatoxins (Afla), zearalenone (ZEN), deoxynivalenol (DON), fumonisins (FUM) and ochratoxin A (OTA). Samples were sourced in the Americas, Europe and Asia. Afla, ZEN, DON, FUM and OTA were present respectively in 33%, 45%, 59% 64% and 28% of analyzed samples between 2009 and 2011. From the 23,781 mycotoxin analyzes performed, 81% were positive for at least one mycotoxin. Results of this survey are provided by calendar year, in order to potentially show different trends on mycotoxin occurrence in distinct years: by commodity type and within the same commodity, and by region, to potentially reveal differences in mycotoxin contamination in commodities sourced in diverse regions.
Keywords: aflatoxins; deoxynivalenol; fumonisins; zearalenone; ochratoxin A; mycotoxins; occurrence; survey aflatoxins; deoxynivalenol; fumonisins; zearalenone; ochratoxin A; mycotoxins; occurrence; survey
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Rodrigues, I.; Naehrer, K. A Three-Year Survey on the Worldwide Occurrence of Mycotoxins in Feedstuffs and Feed. Toxins 2012, 4, 663-675.

AMA Style

Rodrigues I, Naehrer K. A Three-Year Survey on the Worldwide Occurrence of Mycotoxins in Feedstuffs and Feed. Toxins. 2012; 4(9):663-675.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rodrigues, Inês; Naehrer, Karin. 2012. "A Three-Year Survey on the Worldwide Occurrence of Mycotoxins in Feedstuffs and Feed." Toxins 4, no. 9: 663-675.


Toxins EISSN 2072-6651 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert