Next Article in Journal
Therapeutic Down-Modulators of Staphylococcal Superantigen-Induced Inflammation and Toxic Shock
Next Article in Special Issue
Naturally Occurring Food Toxins
Previous Article in Journal
Ochratoxin A in Roasted Coffee from French Supermarkets and Transfer in Coffee Beverages: Comparison of Analysis Methods
Previous Article in Special Issue
Plant Natural Compounds with Antibacterial Activity towards Common Pathogens of Pond-Cultured Channel Catfish (Ictalurus punctatus)
Toxins 2010, 2(8), 1943-1962; doi:10.3390/toxins2081943

Natural Toxins for Use in Pest Management

* ,
Natural Products Utilization, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, P. O. Box 8048, University, MS 38677, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 June 2010 / Revised: 15 July 2010 / Accepted: 26 July 2010 / Published: 29 July 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Toxicity of Natural Products)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [229 KB, uploaded 29 July 2010]   |   Browse Figures


Natural toxins are a source of new chemical classes of pesticides, as well as environmentally and toxicologically safer molecules than many of the currently used pesticides. Furthermore, they often have molecular target sites that are not exploited by currently marketed pesticides. There are highly successful products based on natural compounds in the major pesticide classes. These include the herbicide glufosinate (synthetic phosphinothricin), the spinosad insecticides, and the strobilurin fungicides. These and other examples of currently marketed natural product-based pesticides, as well as natural toxins that show promise as pesticides from our own research are discussed.
Keywords: algicide; fungicide; herbicide; insecticide; molluscicide; pesticide algicide; fungicide; herbicide; insecticide; molluscicide; pesticide
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
MDPI and ACS Style

Duke, S.O.; Cantrell, C.L.; Meepagala, K.M.; Wedge, D.E.; Tabanca, N.; Schrader, K.K. Natural Toxins for Use in Pest Management. Toxins 2010, 2, 1943-1962.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


Cited By

[Return to top]
Toxins EISSN 2072-6651 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert