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Toxins 2010, 2(8), 1943-1962; doi:10.3390/toxins2081943
Review

Natural Toxins for Use in Pest Management

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Received: 3 June 2010; in revised form: 15 July 2010 / Accepted: 26 July 2010 / Published: 29 July 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Toxicity of Natural Products)
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Abstract: Natural toxins are a source of new chemical classes of pesticides, as well as environmentally and toxicologically safer molecules than many of the currently used pesticides. Furthermore, they often have molecular target sites that are not exploited by currently marketed pesticides. There are highly successful products based on natural compounds in the major pesticide classes. These include the herbicide glufosinate (synthetic phosphinothricin), the spinosad insecticides, and the strobilurin fungicides. These and other examples of currently marketed natural product-based pesticides, as well as natural toxins that show promise as pesticides from our own research are discussed.
Keywords: algicide; fungicide; herbicide; insecticide; molluscicide; pesticide algicide; fungicide; herbicide; insecticide; molluscicide; pesticide
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Duke, S.O.; Cantrell, C.L.; Meepagala, K.M.; Wedge, D.E.; Tabanca, N.; Schrader, K.K. Natural Toxins for Use in Pest Management. Toxins 2010, 2, 1943-1962.

AMA Style

Duke SO, Cantrell CL, Meepagala KM, Wedge DE, Tabanca N, Schrader KK. Natural Toxins for Use in Pest Management. Toxins. 2010; 2(8):1943-1962.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Duke, Stephen O.; Cantrell, Charles L.; Meepagala, Kumudini M.; Wedge, David E.; Tabanca, Nurhayat; Schrader, Kevin K. 2010. "Natural Toxins for Use in Pest Management." Toxins 2, no. 8: 1943-1962.



Toxins EISSN 2072-6651 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert