Open AccessThis article is
- freely available
Consequences and Utility of the Zinc-Dependent Metalloprotease Activity of Anthrax Lethal Toxin
Laboratory of Cancer and Developmental Cell Biology, The Van Andel Research Institute, 333 Bostwick NE Grand Rapids, MI, 49503, USA
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing MI 48824, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 April 2010; in revised form: 29 April 2010 / Accepted: 5 May 2010 / Published: 11 May 2010
Abstract: Anthrax is caused by the gram-positive bacterium Bacillus anthracis. The pathogenesis of this disease is dependent on the presence of two binary toxins, edema toxin (EdTx) and lethal toxin (LeTx). LeTx, the major virulence factor contributing to anthrax, contains the effector moiety lethal factor (LF), a zinc-dependent metalloprotease specific for targeting mitogen-activated protein kinase kinases. This review will focus on the protease-specific activity and function of LF, and will include a discussion on the implications and consequences of this activity, both in terms of anthrax disease, and how this activity can be exploited to gain insight into other pathologic conditions.
Keywords: anthrax; lethal factor; mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase; pathogenesis; metalloprotease; tumorigenesis; retinal neovascularization
Article StatisticsClick here to load and display the download statistics.
Notes: Multiple requests from the same IP address are counted as one view.
Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Bromberg-White, J.; Lee, C.-S.; Duesbery, N. Consequences and Utility of the Zinc-Dependent Metalloprotease Activity of Anthrax Lethal Toxin. Toxins 2010, 2, 1038-1053.
Bromberg-White J, Lee C-S, Duesbery N. Consequences and Utility of the Zinc-Dependent Metalloprotease Activity of Anthrax Lethal Toxin. Toxins. 2010; 2(5):1038-1053.
Bromberg-White, Jennifer; Lee, Chih-Shia; Duesbery, Nicholas. 2010. "Consequences and Utility of the Zinc-Dependent Metalloprotease Activity of Anthrax Lethal Toxin." Toxins 2, no. 5: 1038-1053.