Next Article in Journal
Antimicrobial and Chemotactic Activity of Scorpion-Derived Peptide, ToAP2, against Mycobacterium massiliensis
Next Article in Special Issue
Uremic Toxin Clearance and Cardiovascular Toxicities
Previous Article in Journal
Incobotulinumtoxin A for Sialorrhea in Neurological Disorders: A Real-Life Experience
Previous Article in Special Issue
Role of Uremic Toxins for Kidney, Cardiovascular, and Bone Dysfunction
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperReview
Toxins 2018, 10(6), 218; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins10060218

The Impact of Uremic Toxins on Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Function

1
MP3CV, EA7517, CURS, Jules Verne University of Picardie, 80054 Amiens, France
2
Department of Pharmacy, Amiens University Medical Center, 80000 Amiens, France
3
DRCI, Amiens University Hospital, 80054 Amiens, France
4
Laboratory of Biochemistry, Amiens University Hospital, 80054 Amiens, France
5
Ambroise Paré University Hospital, Division of Nephrology, APHP, 92100 Boulogne-Billancourt/Paris, France
6
INSERM U1018, Team 5, CESP, UVSQ, Paris-Saclay University, 94800 Villejuif, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 April 2018 / Revised: 26 May 2018 / Accepted: 27 May 2018 / Published: 29 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Uremia and Cardiovascular Disease)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [789 KB, uploaded 30 May 2018]   |  

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with profound vascular remodeling, which accelerates the progression of cardiovascular disease. This remodeling is characterized by intimal hyperplasia, accelerated atherosclerosis, excessive vascular calcification, and vascular stiffness. Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) dysfunction has a key role in the remodeling process. Under uremic conditions, VSMCs can switch from a contractile phenotype to a synthetic phenotype, and undergo abnormal proliferation, migration, senescence, apoptosis, and calcification. A growing body of data from experiments in vitro and animal models suggests that uremic toxins (such as inorganic phosphate, indoxyl sulfate and advanced-glycation end products) may directly impact the VSMCs’ physiological functions. Chronic, low-grade inflammation and oxidative stress—hallmarks of CKD—are also strong inducers of VSMC dysfunction. Here, we review current knowledge about the impact of uremic toxins on VSMC function in CKD, and the consequences for pathological vascular remodeling. View Full-Text
Keywords: chronic kidney disease; uremic toxins; vascular smooth muscle cells chronic kidney disease; uremic toxins; vascular smooth muscle cells
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hénaut, L.; Mary, A.; Chillon, J.-M.; Kamel, S.; Massy, Z.A. The Impact of Uremic Toxins on Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Function. Toxins 2018, 10, 218.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Toxins EISSN 2072-6651 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top