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Nutrients 2017, 9(9), 1044; doi:10.3390/nu9091044

Polyphenols from Root, Tubercles and Grains Cropped in Brazil: Chemical and Nutritional Characterization and Their Effects on Human Health and Diseases

Instituto de Química, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Cidade Universitária Av Athos da Silveira Ramos 149, 21949-909 Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil
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Received: 3 August 2017 / Revised: 11 September 2017 / Accepted: 13 September 2017 / Published: 20 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Polyphenol-Rich Foods on Human Health)
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Abstract

Throughout evolution, plants have developed the ability to produce secondary phenolic metabolites, which are important for their interactions with the environment, reproductive strategies and defense mechanisms. These (poly)phenolic compounds are a heterogeneous group of natural antioxidants found in vegetables, cereals and leguminous that exert beneficial and protective actions on human health, playing roles such as enzymatic reaction inhibitors and cofactors, toxic chemicals scavengers and biochemical reaction substrates, increasing the absorption of essential nutrients and selectively inhibiting deleterious intestinal bacteria. Polyphenols present in some commodity grains, such as soy and cocoa beans, as well as in other vegetables considered security foods for developing countries, including cassava, taro and beetroot, all of them cropped in Brazil, have been identified and quantified in order to point out their bioavailability and the adequate dietary intake to promote health. The effects of the flavonoid and non-flavonoid compounds present in these vegetables, their metabolism and their effects on preventing chronic and degenerative disorders like cancers, diabetes, osteoporosis, cardiovascular and neurological diseases are herein discussed based on recent epidemiological studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: beetroot; cassava; taro; cocoa nibs; soybeans andantioxidant activity beetroot; cassava; taro; cocoa nibs; soybeans andantioxidant activity
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Baião, D.S.; de Freitas, C.S.; Gomes, L.P.; da Silva, D.; Correa, A.C.N.T.F.; Pereira, P.R.; Aguila, E.M.D.; Paschoalin, V.M.F. Polyphenols from Root, Tubercles and Grains Cropped in Brazil: Chemical and Nutritional Characterization and Their Effects on Human Health and Diseases. Nutrients 2017, 9, 1044.

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