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Nutrients 2017, 9(7), 781; doi:10.3390/nu9070781

Fat Taste Sensitivity Is Associated with Short-Term and Habitual Fat Intake

1
Centre for Advanced Sensory Sciences, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 1 Gheringhap Street, Geelong 3220, Australia
2
Biostatistics Unit, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, 1 Gheringhap Street, Geelong 3220, Australia
3
Institute of Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 1 Gheringhap Street, Geelong 3220, Australia
4
CSIRO Health & Biosecurity, North Ryde 2113, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 June 2017 / Revised: 13 July 2017 / Accepted: 17 July 2017 / Published: 20 July 2017
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Abstract

Evidence suggests individuals less sensitive to fat taste (high fat taste thresholds (FTT)) may be overweight or obese and consume greater amounts of dietary fat than more sensitive individuals. The aims of this study were to assess associations between FTT, anthropometric measurements, fat intake, and liking of fatty foods. FTT was assessed in 69 Australian females (mean age 41.3 (15.6) (SD) years and mean body mass index 26.3 (5.7) kg/m2) by a 3-alternate forced choice methodology and transformed to an ordinal scale (FT rank). Food liking was assessed by hedonic ratings of high-fat and reduced-fat foods, and a 24-h food recall and food frequency questionnaire was completed. Linear mixed regression models were fitted. FT rank was associated with dietary % energy from fat ( β ^ = 0.110 [95% CI: 0.003, 0.216]), % energy from carbohydrate ( β ^ = −0.112 [−0.188, −0.035]), and frequency of consumption of foods per day from food groups: high-fat dairy ( β ^ = 1.091 [0.106, 2.242]), meat & meat alternatives ( β ^ = 0.669 [0.168, 1.170]), and grain & cereals ( β ^ = 0.771 [0.212, 1.329]) (adjusted for energy and age). There were no associations between FT rank and anthropometric measurements or hedonic ratings. Therefore, fat taste sensitivity appears to be associated with short-term fat intake, but not body size in this group of females. View Full-Text
Keywords: fat taste; sensitivity; taste thresholds; fat intake; BMI; liking; women fat taste; sensitivity; taste thresholds; fat intake; BMI; liking; women
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Costanzo, A.; Orellana, L.; Nowson, C.; Duesing, K.; Keast, R. Fat Taste Sensitivity Is Associated with Short-Term and Habitual Fat Intake. Nutrients 2017, 9, 781.

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