Next Article in Journal
Chocolate Consumption and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke, and Diabetes: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies
Previous Article in Journal
Effects of Aged Garlic Extract on Cholinergic, Glutamatergic and GABAergic Systems with Regard to Cognitive Impairment in Aβ-Induced Rats
Article Menu
Issue 7 (July) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2017, 9(7), 687; doi:10.3390/nu9070687

Egg Consumption and Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Adults: Results from the Health Examinees Study

1
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul 03080, Korea
2
Department of Preventive Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 03080, Korea
3
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Seoul National University Graduate School, Seoul 03080, Korea
4
JW Lee Center for Global Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 03087, Korea
5
Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul 03080, Korea
6
Department of Preventive Medicine, Kangwon National University, Kangwon-do 24341, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 April 2017 / Revised: 28 June 2017 / Accepted: 29 June 2017 / Published: 2 July 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [479 KB, uploaded 2 July 2017]   |  

Abstract

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined as a cluster of metabolic alterations such as abdominal obesity, dyslipidemias, elevated fasting glucose, and hypertension. Studies on the association between egg consumption and MetS are limited and inconsistent. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted to examine the association of egg consumption with MetS among Korean adults aged 40–69 years. A total of 130,420 subjects (43,682 men and 86,738 women) from the Health Examinees Study were selected for the final analysis. Egg consumption was estimated using a validated 106-item food frequency questionnaire. MetS was defined using the National Cholesterol Education Program, Adult Treatment Panel III. Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the association of egg consumption with MetS via odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) after adjusting for potential variables. Among 130,420 subjects, 34,039 (26.1%) people had MetS. Consumption of more than 7 eggs/week was associated with a lower odds of MetS risk compared to those who consumed less than one egg/week in women (OR: 0.77, 95%CI: 0.70–0.84, p trend < 0.0001). Higher egg consumption was inversely associated with the MetS components: elevated waist circumference (OR: 0.80, 0.75–0.86), elevated triglyceride (OR: 0.78, 0.72–0.85), reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (OR: 0.82, 0.77–0.88), elevated blood pressure (OR: 0.86, 0.80–0.92), and elevated fasting glucose (OR: 0.94, 0.83–0.99) in women; reduced HDL-C (OR: 0.89, 0.80–1.00) in men. Our results suggest that higher egg consumption may be associated with a reduction in the odds for MetS and all five metabolic components in women, and the risk of reduced HDL-C in men. View Full-Text
Keywords: metabolic syndrome; egg consumption; the Health Examinees (HEXA) study; Korean metabolic syndrome; egg consumption; the Health Examinees (HEXA) study; Korean
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Shin, S.; Lee, H.-W.; Kim, C.E.; Lim, J.; Lee, J.-K.; Lee, S.-A.; Kang, D. Egg Consumption and Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Adults: Results from the Health Examinees Study. Nutrients 2017, 9, 687.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top