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Nutrients 2017, 9(4), 392; doi:10.3390/nu9040392

Intake Levels of Fish in the UK Paediatric Population

1
Centre for Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TH, UK
2
UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR), Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK
Current address: Department of Kinesiology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22904, USA.
Current address: Department of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology, Washington State University, Spokane, WA 99210, USA.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 February 2017 / Revised: 31 March 2017 / Accepted: 1 April 2017 / Published: 16 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Intake and Behavior in Children)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [206 KB, uploaded 24 April 2017]

Abstract

The United Kingdom (UK) is an island and its culture, including diet, is heavily influenced by the maritime resources. Dietary guidance in the UK recommends intake of fish, which provides important nutrients, such as long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA). This study was designed to describe the fish intake habits of UK children using a nationally representative sample. Dietary and socio-demographic data of children 2–18 (N = 2096) in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Program (NDNS) Years 1–4 (2008–2012) were extracted. Average nutrient and food intakes were estimated. Logistic regression models were used to predict the meeting of fish intake recommendations, controlling for age, sex, income, total energy intake, and survey year. All analyses were conducted using survey routines and dietary survey weights. In this nationally representative study, 4.7% of children met the fish and 4.5% the oily fish intake recommendations; only 1.3% of the population met both recommendations. Fish intake levels did not significantly change with children’s increasing age. Higher vegetable but lower meat consumption predicted meeting the fish intake recommendations, indicating that children eating fish have better diet quality than non-consumers. Further research is needed to explore how intake behaviours can be changed to improve children’s diet quality. View Full-Text
Keywords: fish intake; diet quality; nutrition monitoring; NDNS-RP; child nutrition fish intake; diet quality; nutrition monitoring; NDNS-RP; child nutrition
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kranz, S.; Jones, N.R.V.; Monsivais, P. Intake Levels of Fish in the UK Paediatric Population. Nutrients 2017, 9, 392.

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