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Nutrients 2017, 9(3), 219; doi:10.3390/nu9030219

Growth of Infants Fed Formula with Evolving  Nutrition Composition: A Single‐Arm Non‐Inferiority Study

1
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Children’s Hospital, CH‐6000 Lucerne, Switzerland
2
Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, University Children’s Hospital, CH‐1011 Lausanne, Switzerland
3
Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital of Geneva, CH‐1205 Geneva, Switzerland
4
Department of Pediatrics, University Children’s Hospital Basel (UKBB), CH‐4031 Basel, Switzerland
5
Nestlé Nutrition Research, King of Prussia, PA 19406, USA
6
Nestlé Research Center, CH‐1000 Lausanne, Switzerland
7
Nestlé Nutrition Research, CH‐1800 Vevey, Switzerland
8
Nestlé Product Technology Center, CH‐1800 Vevey, Switzerland
9
Nestlé Nutrition Medical, Scientific and Regulatory affairs Unit, CH‐1800 Vevey, Switzerland
10
Nestlé Health Science, CH‐1800 Vevey, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 December 2016 / Accepted: 24 February 2017 / Published: 1 March 2017
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Abstract

The nutritional composition of human milk evolves over the course of lactation, to match the changing needs of infants. This single‐arm, non‐inferiority study evaluated growth against the WHO standards in the first year of life, in infants consecutively fed four age‐based formulas with compositions tailored to infants’ nutritional needs during the 1st, 2nd, 3rd–6th, and 7th–12th months of age. Healthy full‐term formula‐fed infants (n = 32) were enrolled at ≤14 days of age and exclusively fed study formulas from enrollment, to the age of four months. Powdered study formulas were provided in single‐serving capsules that were reconstituted using a dedicated automated preparation system, to ensure precise, hygienic preparation. The primary outcome was the weight‐for‐age z‐score (WAZ) at the age of four months (vs. non‐inferiority margin of −0.5 SD). Mean (95% CI) z‐scores for the WAZ (0.12 (−0.15, 0.39)), as well as for the length‐for‐age (0.05 (−0.19, 0.30)), weight‐for‐length (0.16 (−0.16, 0.48)), BMI‐for‐age (0.11 (−0.20, 0.43)), and head circumferencefor‐age (0.41 (0.16, 0.65)) at the age of four months, were non‐inferior. Throughout the study, anthropometric z‐scores tracked closely against the WHO standards (within ±1 SD). In sum, a fourstage, age‐based infant formula system with nutritional compositions tailored to infants’ evolving needs, supports healthy growth consistent with WHO standards, for the first year of life. View Full-Text
Keywords: human milk; evolving nutritional composition; infant formula; protein; staged‐formula  delivery system; WHO growth standard; personalized nutrition human milk; evolving nutritional composition; infant formula; protein; staged‐formula  delivery system; WHO growth standard; personalized nutrition
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Spalinger, J.; Nydegger, A.; Belli, D.; Furlano, R.I.; Yan, J.; Tanguy, J.; Pecquet, S.; Destaillats, F.; Egli, D.; Steenhout, P. Growth of Infants Fed Formula with Evolving  Nutrition Composition: A Single‐Arm Non‐Inferiority Study. Nutrients 2017, 9, 219.

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