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Nutrients 2017, 9(3), 198; doi:10.3390/nu9030198

The Combination of Blueberry Juice and Probiotics Ameliorate Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) by Affecting SREBP-1c/PNPLA-3 Pathway via PPAR-α

1
Biochemistry Department, Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical College, Guiyang 550004, China
2
Department of Infectious Diseases, Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical College, Guiyang 550004, China
3
Baiyun Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical College, Guiyang 550004, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 December 2016 / Revised: 14 February 2017 / Accepted: 21 February 2017 / Published: 27 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antioxidants in Health and Disease)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6919 KB, uploaded 27 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is liver inflammation and a major threat to public health. Several pharmaceutical agents have been used for NASH therapy but their high-rate side effects limit the use. Blueberry juice and probiotics (BP) have anti-inflammation and antibacterial properties, and may be potential candidates for NASH therapy. To understand the molecular mechanism, Sprague Dawley rats were used to create NASH models and received different treatments. Liver tissues were examined using HE (hematoxylin and eosin) and ORO (Oil Red O) stain, and serum biochemical indices were measured. The levels of peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor (PPAR)-α, sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c), Patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3 (PNPLA-3), inflammatory cytokines and apoptosis biomarkers in liver tissues were measured by qRT-PCR and Western blot. HE and ORO analysis indicated that the hepatocytes were seriously damaged with more and larger lipid droplets in NASH models while BP reduced the number and size of lipid droplets (p < 0.05). Meanwhile, BP increased the levels of SOD (superoxide dismutase), GSH (reduced glutathione) and HDL-C (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol), and reduced the levels of AST (aspartate aminotransferase), ALT (alanine aminotransferase), TG (triglycerides), LDL-C (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol) and MDA (malondialdehyde) in NASH models (p < 0.05). BP increased the level of PPAR-α (Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α), and reduced the levels of SREBP-1c (sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c) and PNPLA-3 (Patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3) (p < 0.05). BP reduced hepatic inflammation and apoptosis by affecting IL-6 (interleukin 6), TNF-α (Tumor necrosis factor α), caspase-3 and Bcl-2 in NASH models. Furthermore, PPAR-α inhibitor increased the level of SREBP-1c and PNPLA-3. Therefore, BP prevents NASH progression by affecting SREBP-1c/PNPLA-3 pathway via PPAR-α. View Full-Text
Keywords: non-alcoholic steatohepatitis; blueberry juices; probiotics; Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α; Sterol regulatory element-binding transcription factor 1c; Patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3; biochemical indices; apoptosis; anti-oxidant non-alcoholic steatohepatitis; blueberry juices; probiotics; Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α; Sterol regulatory element-binding transcription factor 1c; Patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3; biochemical indices; apoptosis; anti-oxidant
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Ren, T.; Zhu, J.; Zhu, L.; Cheng, M. The Combination of Blueberry Juice and Probiotics Ameliorate Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) by Affecting SREBP-1c/PNPLA-3 Pathway via PPAR-α. Nutrients 2017, 9, 198.

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