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Nutrients 2017, 9(12), 1294; doi:10.3390/nu9121294

Different Facets of Body Image Disturbance in Binge Eating Disorder: A Review

1
Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Mental Health Research and Treatment Center, Massenbergstr, 9-13, D-44787 Bochum, Germany
2
Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Universität Osnabrück, Knollstr. 52, D-49069 Osnabrück, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 October 2017 / Revised: 11 November 2017 / Accepted: 20 November 2017 / Published: 28 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Binge Eating Disorder)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [282 KB, uploaded 28 November 2017]

Abstract

The goal of the present review is to give an overview of the current findings on various facets of body image disturbance in Binge Eating Disorder such as body dissatisfaction, overconcern with weight and shape, body-related checking and avoidance behavior, misperception of body size, and body-related cognitive bias. In addition, treatments for a disturbed body image in BED and evidence of body image disturbance in youth with binge eating are reviewed. The results show that a disturbed body image in BED is present in the form of overconcern with weight and shape. Furthermore, there are hints that body dissatisfaction, as well as body-related checking and avoidance behavior, are also impaired. Research concerning misperception of body size in BED has been neglected so far, but first findings show that individuals with BED rate their own body shape rather accurately. Furthermore, there are first hints that body-related cognitive biases are present in individuals with BED. Moreover, in children and adolescents, there are first hints that body dissatisfaction, as well as shape and weight concerns, seem to be associated with loss of control and binge eating. Treatments aimed directly at the convertibility of a disturbed body image in BED have revealed encouraging outcomes. In conclusion, body image disturbance seems to occur in BED, and first studies show that it can be treated effectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: binge eating disorder; body image disturbance; weight and shape concern; checking and avoidance behavior; misperception of body size; body-related cognitive bias binge eating disorder; body image disturbance; weight and shape concern; checking and avoidance behavior; misperception of body size; body-related cognitive bias
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Lewer, M.; Bauer, A.; Hartmann, A.S.; Vocks, S. Different Facets of Body Image Disturbance in Binge Eating Disorder: A Review. Nutrients 2017, 9, 1294.

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