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Nutrients 2017, 9(11), 1237; doi:10.3390/nu9111237

In Vitro Fermentation Patterns of Rice Bran Components by Human Gut Microbiota

1
Department of Food Science, Division of Agriculture, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
2
Arkansas Biosciences Institute, Arkansas State University, Jonesboro, AR 72401, USA
3
College of Agriculture and Technology, Arkansas State University, Jonesboro, AR 72401, USA
4
USDA Agricultural Research Service, Dale Bumpers National Rice Research Center, Stuttgart, AR 72160, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 October 2017 / Revised: 6 November 2017 / Accepted: 9 November 2017 / Published: 12 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Prebiotics and Probiotics)
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Abstract

Whole grain rice is a rich source of fiber, nutrients, and phytochemicals that may promote gastrointestinal health, but such beneficial components are typically removed with the bran during polishing. Soluble feruloylated arabinoxylan oligosaccharides (FAXO) and polyphenols (RBPP) isolated from rice bran are hypothesized to have positive impacts on human gut microbiota through a prebiotic function. Using an in vitro human fecal fermentation bioassay, FAXO and RBPP treatments were assessed for short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) production patterns and by evaluating their impacts on the phylogentic composition of human gut microbiota by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Fresh fecal samples collected from healthy adults (n = 10, 5 males, 5 females) were diluted with anaerobic medium. Each sample received five treatments: CTRL (no substrates), FOS (fructooligosaccharides), FAXO, RBPP, and MIX (FAXO with RBPP). Samples were incubated at 37 °C and an aliquot was withdrawn at 0, 4, 8, 12, and 24 h Results showed that SCFA production was significantly increased with FAXO and was comparable to fermentation with FOS, a well-established prebiotic. RBPP did not increase SCFA productions, and no significant differences in total SCFA production were observed between FAXO and MIX, indicating that RBPP does not modify FAXO fermentation. Changes in microbiota population were found in FAXO treatment, especially in Bacteroides, Prevotella, and Dorea populations, indicating that FAXO might modulate microbiota profiles. RBPP and MIX increased Faecalibacterium, specifically F. prausnitzii. Combined FAXO and RBPP fermentation increased abundance of butyrogenic bacteria, Coprococcus and Roseburia, suggesting some interactive activity. Results from this study support the potential for FAXO and RBPP from rice bran to promote colon health through a prebiotic function. View Full-Text
Keywords: feruloylated arabinoxylan oligosaccharides; rice bran polyphenols; short-chain fatty acids; gut microbiota; prebiotic; colon health feruloylated arabinoxylan oligosaccharides; rice bran polyphenols; short-chain fatty acids; gut microbiota; prebiotic; colon health
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Pham, T.; Teoh, K.T.; Savary, B.J.; Chen, M.-H.; McClung, A.; Lee, S.-O. In Vitro Fermentation Patterns of Rice Bran Components by Human Gut Microbiota. Nutrients 2017, 9, 1237.

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