In Vitro Fermentation Patterns of Rice Bran Components by Human Gut Microbiota
AbstractWhole grain rice is a rich source of fiber, nutrients, and phytochemicals that may promote gastrointestinal health, but such beneficial components are typically removed with the bran during polishing. Soluble feruloylated arabinoxylan oligosaccharides (FAXO) and polyphenols (RBPP) isolated from rice bran are hypothesized to have positive impacts on human gut microbiota through a prebiotic function. Using an in vitro human fecal fermentation bioassay, FAXO and RBPP treatments were assessed for short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) production patterns and by evaluating their impacts on the phylogentic composition of human gut microbiota by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Fresh fecal samples collected from healthy adults (n = 10, 5 males, 5 females) were diluted with anaerobic medium. Each sample received five treatments: CTRL (no substrates), FOS (fructooligosaccharides), FAXO, RBPP, and MIX (FAXO with RBPP). Samples were incubated at 37 °C and an aliquot was withdrawn at 0, 4, 8, 12, and 24 h Results showed that SCFA production was significantly increased with FAXO and was comparable to fermentation with FOS, a well-established prebiotic. RBPP did not increase SCFA productions, and no significant differences in total SCFA production were observed between FAXO and MIX, indicating that RBPP does not modify FAXO fermentation. Changes in microbiota population were found in FAXO treatment, especially in Bacteroides, Prevotella, and Dorea populations, indicating that FAXO might modulate microbiota profiles. RBPP and MIX increased Faecalibacterium, specifically F. prausnitzii. Combined FAXO and RBPP fermentation increased abundance of butyrogenic bacteria, Coprococcus and Roseburia, suggesting some interactive activity. Results from this study support the potential for FAXO and RBPP from rice bran to promote colon health through a prebiotic function. View Full-Text
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Pham, T.; Teoh, K.T.; Savary, B.J.; Chen, M.-H.; McClung, A.; Lee, S.-O. In Vitro Fermentation Patterns of Rice Bran Components by Human Gut Microbiota. Nutrients 2017, 9, 1237.
Pham T, Teoh KT, Savary BJ, Chen M-H, McClung A, Lee S-O. In Vitro Fermentation Patterns of Rice Bran Components by Human Gut Microbiota. Nutrients. 2017; 9(11):1237.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pham, Tung; Teoh, Keat T.; Savary, Brett J.; Chen, Ming-Hsuan; McClung, Anna; Lee, Sun-Ok. 2017. "In Vitro Fermentation Patterns of Rice Bran Components by Human Gut Microbiota." Nutrients 9, no. 11: 1237.
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