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Nutrients 2017, 9(11), 1179; doi:10.3390/nu9111179

Relative Influence of Socioeconomic, Psychological and Sensory Characteristics, Physical Activity and Diet on 5-Year Weight Gain in French Adults

1
Centre de Recherche en Épidémiologie et Statistiques, Équipe de Recherche en Épidémiologie Nutritionnelle, Université Paris 13, Inserm (U1153), Inra (U1125), Cnam, COMUE Sorbonne Paris Cité, F-93017 Bobigny, France
2
Centre de Recherche en Épidémiologie, École de Santé Publique, Biostatistiques et Recherche Clinique, Université Libre de Bruxelles, B-1070 Bruxelles, Belgium
3
École Nationale Vétérinaire, Agroalimentaire et de l’Alimentation, ONIRIS, Unité de Sensométrie et de Chimiométrie, site de la Géraudière, BP82225, 44322 Nantes CEDEX 3, France
4
Unité Inra STLO Science et Technologie du Lait et de l’Œuf, UMR 1253, 35042 Rennes, France
5
Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l’Alimentation, UMR 6265 CNRS, UMR 1324 Inra, 21000 Dijon, France
6
Département de Santé Publique, Hôpital Avicenne (AP-HP), F-93017 Bobigny, France
7
INRA, UMR 1110 Marchés, organisations, institutions et stratégies d’acteurs (MOISA), F-34000 Montpellier, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 July 2017 / Revised: 18 October 2017 / Accepted: 24 October 2017 / Published: 28 October 2017
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Abstract

Individual characteristics, dietary intake and physical activity influence weight status; however, the contribution of each factor to weight change has not been studied. The objective was to confirm a conceptual framework by simultaneously assessing the relative influence of socioeconomic, psychological and sensory characteristics, physical activity, and dietary intake on five-year weight gain in French adults. Individual characteristics, physical activity, and dietary data were assessed at baseline in 8014 participants in the NutriNet-Santé cohort. Self-reported anthropometric data were collected at baseline and five years later. Structural equation models, stratified by baseline body mass index (BMI), were used to perform analyses. Dietary restraint was a direct predictor of weight gain, with a stronger effect than age or intake of energy-dense foods, both in non-overweight and overweight participants. In non-overweight individuals only, intake of nutrient-dense foods and physical activity were inversely associated with weight gain. Regarding dietary intake, fat liking was the most important predictor of nutrient-dense food intake and was also related to energy-dense food intake. In these models, dietary restraint appears to be a direct predictor of weight gain and fat liking is a strong determinant of dietary intake. The influence of dietary restraint on weight gain, not explained by diet, warrants further investigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: weight gain; dietary intake; individual characteristic; physical activity; determinant; structural equation modelling weight gain; dietary intake; individual characteristic; physical activity; determinant; structural equation modelling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lampuré, A.; Castetbon, K.; Hanafi, M.; Deglaire, A.; Schlich, P.; Péneau, S.; Hercberg, S.; Méjean, C. Relative Influence of Socioeconomic, Psychological and Sensory Characteristics, Physical Activity and Diet on 5-Year Weight Gain in French Adults. Nutrients 2017, 9, 1179.

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