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Nutrients 2016, 8(9), 560; doi:10.3390/nu8090560

Sustaining Effect of Intensive Nutritional Intervention Combined with Health Education on Dietary Behavior and Plasma Glucose in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China
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Received: 31 May 2016 / Revised: 23 August 2016 / Accepted: 7 September 2016 / Published: 13 September 2016
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Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is very common in elderly Chinese individuals. Although nutritional intervention can provide a balanced diet, the sustaining effect on at-home dietary behavior and long-term plasma glucose control is not clear. Consequently, we conducted a long-term survey following one month of experiential nutritional intervention combined with health education. Based on the Dietary Guidelines for a Chinese Resident, we found that the food items met the recommended values, the percentages of energy provided from fat, protein, and carbohydrate were more reasonable after one year. The newly formed dietary patterns were “Healthy”, “Monotonous”, “Vegetarian”, “Japanese”, “Low energy”, and “Traditional” diets. The 2h-PG of female participants as well as those favoring the “Japanese diet” decreased above 12 mmol/L. Participants who selected “Japanese” and “Healthy” diets showed an obvious reduction in FPG while the FPG of participants from Group A declined slightly. “Japanese” and “Healthy” diets also obtained the highest DDP scores, and thus can be considered suitable for T2DM treatment in China. The results of the newly formed dietary patterns, “Japanese” and “Healthy” diets, confirmed the profound efficacy of nutritional intervention combined with health education for improving dietary behavior and glycemic control although health education played a more important role. The present study is encouraging with regard to further exploration of comprehensive diabetes care. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutritional intervention; health education; type 2 diabetes mellitus; diet; plasma glucose nutritional intervention; health education; type 2 diabetes mellitus; diet; plasma glucose
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Fan, R.; Xu, M.; Wang, J.; Zhang, Z.; Chen, Q.; Li, Y.; Gu, J.; Cai, X.; Guo, Q.; Bao, L.; Li, Y. Sustaining Effect of Intensive Nutritional Intervention Combined with Health Education on Dietary Behavior and Plasma Glucose in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. Nutrients 2016, 8, 560.

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