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Nutrients 2016, 8(8), 501; doi:10.3390/nu8080501

A Comparison by Milk Feeding Method of the Nutrient Intake of a Cohort of Australian Toddlers

1
Collaboration for Evidence, Research and Impact in Public Health (CERIPH), School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth 6102, Australia
2
School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth 6102, Australia
3
Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5000, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 June 2016 / Revised: 7 August 2016 / Accepted: 12 August 2016 / Published: 16 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrients in Infancy)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1714 KB, uploaded 16 August 2016]   |  

Abstract

Breastfeeding is recommended beyond 12 months of age, but little is known about the contribution of breastmilk and infant formula to the nutritional intake of toddlers as they transition to a family diet in the second year of life. This study is a cross-sectional analysis of data collected from a birth cohort study in Adelaide, Australia. Dietary intake data were collected when children were approximately 1 year of age by an interviewer-administered multi-pass 24 h recall and a mother-completed 2 days food diary. Children were categorized according to their milk feeding method, i.e., breastmilk, infant formula, combination or other, and their nutrient intakes compared with recommended nutrient reference values. Complete data were available for 832 children, of which 714 had plausible energy intakes. Breastmilk and formula made a substantial contribution to the nutrient intake of those toddlers, contributing 28% and 34% of total energy, and 16% and 26% of protein intake, respectively when not drunk in combination. In general, Australian toddlers transitioning to the family diet consumed nutritionally adequate diets, although almost one quarter of all children and half of breastfed children with plausible intakes had iron intakes below the estimated average requirement, placing them at risk of iron deficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutritional adequacy; diet; toddler; breastmilk; formula; iron nutritional adequacy; diet; toddler; breastmilk; formula; iron
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Scott, J.; Davey, K.; Ahwong, E.; Devenish, G.; Ha, D.; Do, L. A Comparison by Milk Feeding Method of the Nutrient Intake of a Cohort of Australian Toddlers. Nutrients 2016, 8, 501.

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