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Nutrients 2016, 8(8), 480; doi:10.3390/nu8080480

Development of a New Branded UK Food Composition Database for an Online Dietary Assessment Tool

1
Nutritional Epidemiology Group, School of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
2
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, King Abdul-Aziz University, PO Box 42807, Jeddah 21551, Saudi Arabia
3
Division of Biostatistics, Leeds Institute for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
4
Molecular Epidemiology Group, Leeds Institute for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
5
Nutrition and Dietetic Research Group, Department of Investigative Medicine, Hammersmith Hospital, Imperial College London, London W12 0NN, UK
6
Global eHealth Unit, Department of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London W6 8RP, UK
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 June 2016 / Revised: 28 July 2016 / Accepted: 29 July 2016 / Published: 5 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Technology Based Approaches to Dietary Intake Assessment)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [934 KB, uploaded 5 August 2016]   |  

Abstract

The current UK food composition tables are limited, containing ~3300 mostly generic food and drink items. To reflect the wide range of food products available to British consumers and to potentially improve accuracy of dietary assessment, a large UK specific electronic food composition database (FCDB) has been developed. A mapping exercise has been conducted that matched micronutrient data from generic food codes to “Back of Pack” data from branded food products using a semi-automated process. After cleaning and processing, version 1.0 of the new FCDB contains 40,274 generic and branded items with associated 120 macronutrient and micronutrient data and 5669 items with portion images. Over 50% of food and drink items were individually mapped to within 10% agreement with the generic food item for energy. Several quality checking procedures were applied after mapping including; identifying foods above and below the expected range for a particular nutrient within that food group and cross-checking the mapping of items such as concentrated and raw/dried products. The new electronic FCDB has substantially increased the size of the current, publically available, UK food tables. The FCDB has been incorporated into myfood24, a new fully automated online dietary assessment tool and, a smartphone application for weight loss. View Full-Text
Keywords: food composition database; dietary assessment; nutrition assessment food composition database; dietary assessment; nutrition assessment
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Carter, M.C.; Hancock, N.; Albar, S.A.; Brown, H.; Greenwood, D.C.; Hardie, L.J.; Frost, G.S.; Wark, P.A.; Cade, J.E. Development of a New Branded UK Food Composition Database for an Online Dietary Assessment Tool. Nutrients 2016, 8, 480.

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