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Nutrients 2016, 8(6), 363; doi:10.3390/nu8060363

Nutrition and Cardiovascular Disease: Finding the Perfect Recipe for Cardiovascular Health

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties, Radiological Sciences, and Public Health, University and Civil Hospital of Brescia, Brescia 25123, Italy
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Received: 1 March 2016 / Revised: 5 May 2016 / Accepted: 23 May 2016 / Published: 14 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diet and Metabolic Dysfunction)
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Abstract

The increasing burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) despite the progress in management entails the need of more effective preventive and curative strategies. As dietary-associated risk is the most important behavioral factor influencing global health, it appears the best target in the challenge against CVD. Although for many years, since the formulation of the cholesterol hypothesis, a nutrient-based approach was attempted for CVD prevention and treatment, in recent years a dietary-based approach resulted more effective in reducing cardiovascular risk worldwide. After the publication of randomized trials on the remarkable effects of the Mediterranean diet and the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet on CVD, new efforts were put on research about the effects of complex dietary interventions on CVD. The purpose of this paper is to review the evidence on dietary interventions in the prevention and disease modification of CVD, focusing on coronary artery disease and heart failure, the main disease responsible for the enormous toll taken by CVD worldwide. View Full-Text
Keywords: diet; Mediterranean; DASH; cardiovascular disease; coronary artery disease; heart failure; hypertension diet; Mediterranean; DASH; cardiovascular disease; coronary artery disease; heart failure; hypertension
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Ravera, A.; Carubelli, V.; Sciatti, E.; Bonadei, I.; Gorga, E.; Cani, D.; Vizzardi, E.; Metra, M.; Lombardi, C. Nutrition and Cardiovascular Disease: Finding the Perfect Recipe for Cardiovascular Health. Nutrients 2016, 8, 363.

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