Persistent Inequalities in Child Undernutrition in Cambodia from 2000 until Today
AbstractThe study assessed the trends of nutritional status of children under age five in Cambodia over four DHS surveys from 2000 to 2014 and the contribution of socioeconomic and demographic factors to its changes. Undernutrition was a public health problem in all surveys. Despite consistent improvement over the years, stunting still affected 32.5% of children in 2014. Wasting prevalence did not improve since 2005 and affected 9.6% of children under five in 2014. Low wealth and mother education; and rural residence contributed to undernutrition. In 2014; wealth status was the main socioeconomic factor associated with undernutrition and the nutritional status of children was strongly related to that of their mothers. Anemia prevalence was high and after a decrease between 2000 and 2005 remained at 45%. The prevalence of overweight was less than 10% and did not change over the years despite an increasing trend in the richest households of urban areas. Persistent inequalities in child undernutrition call for action, giving priority to the most vulnerable households to ensure availability and access to nutrient-rich foods for women and children through nutrition-sensitive and nutrition-specific programs. The recent increase of overweight in the richest populations must also be considered in Cambodian health policies. View Full-Text
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Greffeuille, V.; Sophonneary, P.; Laillou, A.; Gauthier, L.; Hong, R.; Hong, R.; Poirot, E.; Dijkhuizen, M.; Wieringa, F.; Berger, J. Persistent Inequalities in Child Undernutrition in Cambodia from 2000 until Today. Nutrients 2016, 8, 297.
Greffeuille V, Sophonneary P, Laillou A, Gauthier L, Hong R, Hong R, Poirot E, Dijkhuizen M, Wieringa F, Berger J. Persistent Inequalities in Child Undernutrition in Cambodia from 2000 until Today. Nutrients. 2016; 8(5):297.Chicago/Turabian Style
Greffeuille, Valérie; Sophonneary, Prak; Laillou, Arnaud; Gauthier, Ludovic; Hong, Rathmony; Hong, Rathavuth; Poirot, Etienne; Dijkhuizen, Marjoleine; Wieringa, Frank; Berger, Jacques. 2016. "Persistent Inequalities in Child Undernutrition in Cambodia from 2000 until Today." Nutrients 8, no. 5: 297.
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