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Nutrients 2016, 8(2), 54; doi:10.3390/nu8020054

Profile of Free Fatty Acids and Fractions of Phospholipids, Cholesterol Esters and Triglycerides in Serum of Obese Youth with and without Metabolic Syndrome

Research Group in Food and Human Nutrition, Universidad de Antioquia (UdeA), Calle 70 No. 52-21 Medellín 050010238, Colombia
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Received: 11 November 2015 / Revised: 15 December 2015 / Accepted: 11 January 2016 / Published: 15 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metabolically Healthy Obesity)
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Abstract

The study evaluated the profile of circulating fatty acids (FA) in obese youth with and without metabolic syndrome (MetS) to determine its association with nutritional status, lifestyle and metabolic variables. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 96 young people, divided into three groups: obese with MetS (OBMS), obese (OB) and appropriate weight (AW). FA profiles were quantified by gas chromatography; waist circumference (WC), fat folds, lipid profile, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, glucose, insulin, the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA index), food intake and physical activity (PA) were assessed. The OBMS group had significantly greater total free fatty acids (FFAs), palmitic-16:0 in triglyceride (TG), palmitoleic-16:1n-7 in TG and phospholipid (PL); in the OB group, these FAs were higher than in the AW group. Dihomo-gamma-linolenic (DHGL-20:3n-6) was higher in the OBMS than the AW in PL and FFAs. Linoleic-18:2n-6 in TG and PL had the lowest proportion in the OBMS group. WC, PA, total FFA, linoleic-18:2n-6 in TG and DHGL-20:3n-6 in FFAs explained 62% of the HOMA value. The OB group presented some higher proportions of FA and biochemical values than the AW group. The OBMS had proportions of some FA in the TG, PL and FFA fractions that correlated with disturbances of MetS. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; metabolic syndrome; fatty acids; serum; youth obesity; metabolic syndrome; fatty acids; serum; youth
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Bermúdez-Cardona, J.; Velásquez-Rodríguez, C. Profile of Free Fatty Acids and Fractions of Phospholipids, Cholesterol Esters and Triglycerides in Serum of Obese Youth with and without Metabolic Syndrome. Nutrients 2016, 8, 54.

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