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Nutrients 2016, 8(10), 601; doi:10.3390/nu8100601

The Effect of Zinc and Selenium Supplementation Mode on Their Bioavailability in the Rat Prostate. Should Administration Be Joint or Separate?

Department of Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Lodz, Muszynskiego 1, 90-151 Lodz, Poland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 July 2016 / Accepted: 21 September 2016 / Published: 4 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polyphenols for Cancer Treatment or Prevention)
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Abstract

It is thought that zinc and selenium deficiency may play a significant role in the etiology of prostate cancer. Although joint zinc and selenium supplementation is frequently applied in the prevention of prostate diseases, the bioavailability of these elements in the prostate after co-administration is still unknown. The study examines the effect of subchronic supplementation of zinc gluconate and selenium compounds (sodium selenite or selenomethionine), administered together or separately, on their bioavailability in the prostate, as well as the induction of metallothionein-like proteins (MTs) bound to zinc in the prostate and liver. Zinc concentration in the dorso-lateral lobe of the prostate was significantly elevated already after the first month of supplementation of zinc alone. In the supplementation period, the MTs level increased together with zinc concentration. In contrast, the ventral lobe of the prostate did not demonstrate significantly higher levels of zinc until after three months of supplementation, despite the MTs induction noted after one-month supplementation. Increased selenium levels in the dorsolateral lobe were observed throughout the administration and post-administration periods, regardless of the selenium compound used or whether zinc was co-administered. The results of our studies suggested for the first time that these elements should not be administered jointly in supplementation. View Full-Text
Keywords: zinc gluconate; sodium selenite; selenomethionine; supplementation; rats; prostate; metallothionein-like proteins zinc gluconate; sodium selenite; selenomethionine; supplementation; rats; prostate; metallothionein-like proteins
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Daragó, A.; Sapota, A.; Nasiadek, M.; Klimczak, M.; Kilanowicz, A. The Effect of Zinc and Selenium Supplementation Mode on Their Bioavailability in the Rat Prostate. Should Administration Be Joint or Separate? Nutrients 2016, 8, 601.

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