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Nutrients 2016, 8(1), 5; doi:10.3390/nu8010005

Magnesium Levels in Drinking Water and Coronary Heart Disease Mortality Risk: A Meta-Analysis

1
Department of Cardiology, Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou 510000, China
2
Department of Radiology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510000, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 September 2015 / Revised: 23 November 2015 / Accepted: 30 November 2015 / Published: 2 January 2016
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Abstract

Epidemiological studies have demonstrated inconsistent associations between drinking water magnesium levels and risk of mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD); thus, a meta-analysis was performed to assess the association between them. Relevant studies were searched by the databases of Cochrane, EMBASE, PubMed and Web of Knowledge. Pooled relative risks (RR) with their 95% CI were calculated to assess this association using a random-effects model. Finally, nine articles with 10 studies involving 77,821 CHD cases were used in this study. Our results revealed an inverse association between drinking water magnesium level and CHD mortality (RR = 0.89, 95% CI = 0.79–0.99, I2 = 70.6). Nine of the 10 studies came from Europe, and the association was significant between drinking water magnesium level and the risk of CHD mortality (RR = 0.83, 95% CI = 0.69–0.98). In conclusion, drinking water magnesium level was significantly inversely associated with CHD mortality. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnesium; coronary heart disease; mortality; meta-analysis magnesium; coronary heart disease; mortality; meta-analysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jiang, L.; He, P.; Chen, J.; Liu, Y.; Liu, D.; Qin, G.; Tan, N. Magnesium Levels in Drinking Water and Coronary Heart Disease Mortality Risk: A Meta-Analysis. Nutrients 2016, 8, 5.

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