Next Article in Journal
Early Life Nutrition and Energy Balance Disorders in Offspring in Later Life
Next Article in Special Issue
Dietary Pattern Is Associated with Obesity in Older People in China: Data from China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS)
Previous Article in Journal
Intake of Lutein-Rich Vegetables Is Associated with Higher Levels of Physical Activity
Previous Article in Special Issue
Association between Dietary Patterns and the Indicators of Obesity among Chinese: A Cross-Sectional Study
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2015, 7(9), 8072-8089; doi:10.3390/nu7095382

Associations between Dietary Patterns and Impaired Fasting Glucose in Chinese Men: A Cross-Sectional Study

Department of Nutrition and Food Science, School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, 22 Qixiangtai Road, Heping District, Tianjin 300070, China
Department of Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, Tianjin Medical University, 22 Qixiangtai Road, Heping District,Tianjin 300070, China
Health Education and Guidance Center of Heping District, 97 Hualong Road, Heping District, Tianjin 300040, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 July 2015 / Revised: 12 September 2015 / Accepted: 15 September 2015 / Published: 21 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Pattern and Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [129 KB, uploaded 21 September 2015]


Few studies have examined the association between Asian dietary pattern and prediabetes, in particular, the Chinese diet. We conducted a cross-sectional study to identify dietary patterns associated with impaired fasting glucose (IFG) which considered a state of prediabetes in Chinese men. The study included 1495 Chinese men aged 20 to 75 years. Information about diet was obtained using an 81-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), and 21 predefined food groups were considered in a factor analysis. Three dietary patterns were generated by factor analysis: (1) a vegetables-fruits pattern; (2) an animal offal-dessert pattern; and (3) a white rice-red meat pattern. The multivariate-adjusted odds ratio (OR) of IFG for the highest tertile of the animal offal-dessert pattern in comparison with the lowest tertile was 3.15 (95% confidence intervals (CI): 1.87–5.30). The vegetables-fruits dietary pattern was negatively associated with the risk of IFG, but a significant association was observed only in the third tertile. There was no significant association between IFG and the white rice-red meat pattern. Our findings indicated that the vegetables-fruits dietary pattern was inversely associated with IFG, whereas the animal offal-dessert pattern was associated with an increased risk of IFG in Chinese men. Further prospective studies are needed to elucidate the diet-prediabetes relationships. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary pattern; factor analysis; prediabetes; impaired fasting glucose; men; China dietary pattern; factor analysis; prediabetes; impaired fasting glucose; men; China
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, M.; Zhu, Y.; Li, P.; Chang, H.; Wang, X.; Liu, W.; Zhang, Y.; Huang, G. Associations between Dietary Patterns and Impaired Fasting Glucose in Chinese Men: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients 2015, 7, 8072-8089.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top