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Nutrients 2015, 7(9), 8072-8089; doi:10.3390/nu7095382

Associations between Dietary Patterns and Impaired Fasting Glucose in Chinese Men: A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Department of Nutrition and Food Science, School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, 22 Qixiangtai Road, Heping District, Tianjin 300070, China
2
Department of Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, Tianjin Medical University, 22 Qixiangtai Road, Heping District,Tianjin 300070, China
3
Health Education and Guidance Center of Heping District, 97 Hualong Road, Heping District, Tianjin 300040, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 July 2015 / Revised: 12 September 2015 / Accepted: 15 September 2015 / Published: 21 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Pattern and Health)
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Abstract

Few studies have examined the association between Asian dietary pattern and prediabetes, in particular, the Chinese diet. We conducted a cross-sectional study to identify dietary patterns associated with impaired fasting glucose (IFG) which considered a state of prediabetes in Chinese men. The study included 1495 Chinese men aged 20 to 75 years. Information about diet was obtained using an 81-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), and 21 predefined food groups were considered in a factor analysis. Three dietary patterns were generated by factor analysis: (1) a vegetables-fruits pattern; (2) an animal offal-dessert pattern; and (3) a white rice-red meat pattern. The multivariate-adjusted odds ratio (OR) of IFG for the highest tertile of the animal offal-dessert pattern in comparison with the lowest tertile was 3.15 (95% confidence intervals (CI): 1.87–5.30). The vegetables-fruits dietary pattern was negatively associated with the risk of IFG, but a significant association was observed only in the third tertile. There was no significant association between IFG and the white rice-red meat pattern. Our findings indicated that the vegetables-fruits dietary pattern was inversely associated with IFG, whereas the animal offal-dessert pattern was associated with an increased risk of IFG in Chinese men. Further prospective studies are needed to elucidate the diet-prediabetes relationships. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary pattern; factor analysis; prediabetes; impaired fasting glucose; men; China dietary pattern; factor analysis; prediabetes; impaired fasting glucose; men; China
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhang, M.; Zhu, Y.; Li, P.; Chang, H.; Wang, X.; Liu, W.; Zhang, Y.; Huang, G. Associations between Dietary Patterns and Impaired Fasting Glucose in Chinese Men: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients 2015, 7, 8072-8089.

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