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Nutrients 2015, 7(9), 7914-7924; doi:10.3390/nu7095373

Standardization of the Food Composition Database Used in the Latin American Nutrition and Health Study (ELANS)

1
Commitee of Nutrition and Wellbeing, International Life Science Institute (ILSI-Argentina), Buenos Aires C1059ABF, Argentina
2
Facultad de Ciencias Medicas, Departamento Nutricion, Universidad Favaloro, Solís 453, Buenos Aires C1078AAI, Argentina
3
Fundação Jose Luiz Egydio Setubal, Hospital Infantil Sabara, Instituto Pensi, São Paulo 01239-040, Brazil
4
Centro de Atendimento e Apoio ao Adolescente, Departamento de Pediatria, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo 04023-062, Brazil
5
Departamento de Bioquímica, Escuela de Medicina, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José 11501, Costa Rica
6
Centro de Nutrición Molecular y Enfermedades Crónicas, Departamento de Nutrición, Diabetes y Metabolismo, Escuela de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica, Santiago 833-0024, Chile
7
Departamento de Nutrición y Bioquímica, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia
8
Colegio de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito 17-1200-841, Ecuador
9
Instituto de Investigación Nutricional, La Molina, Lima 12, Perú
10
Centro de Estudios del Desarrollo, Universidad Central de Venezuela (CENDES-UCV)/Fundación Bengoa, Caracas 1010, Venezuela
11
Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo 04023-062.
12
Department of Clinical Laboratory and Nutritional Sciences, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA 01854, USA
13
University of Munich Medical Center, Division of Metabolic and Nutritional Medicine, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, D-80337 Munich, Germany
14
Nutrition and Health Sciences Program, Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Membership of the ELANS Study Group is provided in the Acknowledgments.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 July 2015 / Revised: 20 August 2015 / Accepted: 2 September 2015 / Published: 16 September 2015
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Abstract

Between-country comparisons of estimated dietary intake are particularly prone to error when different food composition tables are used. The objective of this study was to describe our procedures and rationale for the selection and adaptation of available food composition to a single database to enable cross-country nutritional intake comparisons. Latin American Study of Nutrition and Health (ELANS) is a multicenter cross-sectional study of representative samples from eight Latin American countries. A standard study protocol was designed to investigate dietary intake of 9000 participants enrolled. Two 24-h recalls using the Multiple Pass Method were applied among the individuals of all countries. Data from 24-h dietary recalls were entered into the Nutrition Data System for Research (NDS-R) program after a harmonization process between countries to include local foods and appropriately adapt the NDS-R database. A food matching standardized procedure involving nutritional equivalency of local food reported by the study participants with foods available in the NDS-R database was strictly conducted by each country. Standardization of food and nutrient assessments has the potential to minimize systematic and random errors in nutrient intake estimations in the ELANS project. This study is expected to result in a unique dataset for Latin America, enabling cross-country comparisons of energy, macro- and micro-nutrient intake within this region. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutrition; Latin America; food composition database; standardization nutrition; Latin America; food composition database; standardization
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kovalskys, I.; Fisberg, M.; Gómez, G.; Rigotti, A.; Cortés, L.Y.; Yépez, M.C.; Pareja, R.G.; Herrera-Cuenca, M.; Zimberg, I.Z.; Tucker, K.L.; Koletzko, B.; Pratt, M.; Group, O.E.S. Standardization of the Food Composition Database Used in the Latin American Nutrition and Health Study (ELANS). Nutrients 2015, 7, 7914-7924.

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