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Nutrients 2015, 7(8), 6073-6087; doi:10.3390/nu7085268

Consumption Patterns of Fruit and Vegetable Juices and Dietary Nutrient Density among French Children and Adults

1
CREDOC, Centre de Recherche pour l'EtuDe et l'Observation des Conditions de vie, 142 rue du Chevaleret, Paris 75013, France
2
VAB-nutrition, 1 rue Claude Danziger, Clermont-Ferrand 63100, France
3
Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, P.O.Box 353410, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 April 2015 / Revised: 6 July 2015 / Accepted: 10 July 2015 / Published: 23 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Beverage Consumption and Human Health)
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Abstract

Background: Fruit and vegetable consumption is a marker of higher-quality diets; less is known about the contribution of 100% fruit and vegetable juices (FVJ) to diet quality. Objective: To explore FVJ consumption patterns in relation to dietary nutrient density among French children (aged 3–14 years old) and adults (≥21 years old). Methods: Analyses were based on the nationally representative 2013 CCAF (Comportements et Consommations Alimentaires en France) survey of 1930 respondents, stratified by age group, FVJ consumption, and socioeconomic status (SES). Dietary nutrient density was based on the Nutrient Rich Food (NRF9.3) index, adjusted for gender and age. Results: Mean total consumption of fruits and vegetables was 2.6 servings/day for children and 3.8 servings/day for adults. Mean population consumption of FVJ was 83 mL/day for children and 54.6 mL/day for adults, equivalent to 0.4 servings/day and 0.3 servings/day respectively. FVJ consumers had higher quality diets than did non-consumers, after adjusting for covariates. The respective NRF9.3 values were 486.4 ± 4.3 vs. 428.7 ± 7.5 for children and 460.7 ± 4.4 vs. 435.4 ± 4.4 for adults. FVJ consumers had similar or higher intakes of fruits and vegetables than did non-consumers. The socioeconomic gradient for FVJ consumption was much weaker (p < 0.046) than for whole fruit (p < 0.01). Conclusions: In a nationally representative sample of French children and adults, fruit and vegetable consumption fell short of recommended values. Higher FVJ consumption was associated with higher-quality diets and better compliance with the French National Plan for Nutrition and Health (PNNS). View Full-Text
Keywords: fruit; vegetable; nutrient density; consumption patterns fruit; vegetable; nutrient density; consumption patterns
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Francou, A.; Hebel, P.; Braesco, V.; Drewnowski, A. Consumption Patterns of Fruit and Vegetable Juices and Dietary Nutrient Density among French Children and Adults. Nutrients 2015, 7, 6073-6087.

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