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Nutrients 2015, 7(7), 5375-5395; doi:10.3390/nu7075226

A Novel Dietary Assessment Method to Measure a Healthy and Sustainable Diet Using the Mobile Food Record: Protocol and Methodology

1
School of Public Health, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth 6845, Australia
2
Epidemiology Program, University of Hawaii Cancer Center, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA
3
Video and Image Processing Laboratory, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2035, USA
4
Department of Health Western Australia, Perth 6004, Australia
5
Centre for Population Health Research, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth 6845, Australia
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 May 2015 / Revised: 5 June 2015 / Accepted: 24 June 2015 / Published: 3 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Assessment of Nutrient Intakes)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [916 KB, uploaded 3 July 2015]   |  

Abstract

The world-wide rise in obesity parallels growing concerns of global warming and depleting natural resources. These issues are often considered separately but there may be considerable benefit to raising awareness of the impact of dietary behaviours and practices on the food supply. Australians have diets inconsistent with recommendations, typically low in fruit and vegetables and high in energy-dense nutrient-poor foods and beverages (EDNP). These EDNP foods are often highly processed and packaged, negatively influencing both health and the environment. This paper describes a proposed dietary assessment method to measure healthy and sustainable dietary behaviours using 4-days of food and beverage images from the mobile food record (mFR) application. The mFR images will be assessed for serves of fruit and vegetables (including seasonality), dairy, eggs and red meat, poultry and fish, ultra-processed EDNP foods, individually packaged foods, and plate waste. A prediction model for a Healthy and Sustainable Diet Index will be developed and tested for validity and reliability. The use of the mFR to assess adherence to a healthy and sustainable diet is a novel and innovative approach to dietary assessment and will have application in population monitoring, guiding intervention development, educating consumers, health professionals and policy makers, and influencing dietary recommendations. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable diet; healthy diet; dietary assessment; mobile food record; technology sustainable diet; healthy diet; dietary assessment; mobile food record; technology
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Harray, A.J.; Boushey, C.J.; Pollard, C.M.; Delp, E.J.; Ahmad, Z.; Dhaliwal, S.S.; Mukhtar, S.A.; Kerr, D.A. A Novel Dietary Assessment Method to Measure a Healthy and Sustainable Diet Using the Mobile Food Record: Protocol and Methodology. Nutrients 2015, 7, 5375-5395.

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