The Difference in Nutrient Intakes between Chinese and Mediterranean, Japanese and American Diets
AbstractAcross countries, the predominant diets are clearly different and highly related with human health. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate dietary nutrients between them. This study aimed to evaluate dietary nutrients in China and compare those between Chinese and Mediterranean (Italian), Japanese and American diets. Dietary intakes of 2659 subjects in south-east China, Zhejiang province, from 2010 to 2012, were estimated by three consecutive 24-h dietary recalls. The contribution of carbohydrate to total energy in Chinese subjects was lower than that in Japanese and American subjects, but higher than that in Italian subjects. However, the energy contribution from fat in Chinese subjects was higher than that in Japanese and American subjects, and similar to that in Italian subjects. Moreover, the Chinese diet had lower daily intakes of fiber, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2 and vitamin C, compared with the Japanese, American and Italian diets. Nevertheless, intakes of sodium, iron, copper and vitamin E were higher among Chinese people relative to the people of other three countries. The present study demonstrated that the structure of the Chinese diet has been shifting away from the traditional diet toward high-fat, low-carbohydrate and low-fiber diets, and nutrients intakes in Chinese people have been changing even worse than those in American people. View Full-Text
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Zhang, R.; Wang, Z.; Fei, Y.; Zhou, B.; Zheng, S.; Wang, L.; Huang, L.; Jiang, S.; Liu, Z.; Jiang, J.; Yu, Y. The Difference in Nutrient Intakes between Chinese and Mediterranean, Japanese and American Diets. Nutrients 2015, 7, 4661-4688.
Zhang R, Wang Z, Fei Y, Zhou B, Zheng S, Wang L, Huang L, Jiang S, Liu Z, Jiang J, Yu Y. The Difference in Nutrient Intakes between Chinese and Mediterranean, Japanese and American Diets. Nutrients. 2015; 7(6):4661-4688.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhang, Ronghua; Wang, Zhaopin; Fei, Ying; Zhou, Biao; Zheng, Shuangshuang; Wang, Lijuan; Huang, Lichun; Jiang, Shuying; Liu, Zeyu; Jiang, Jingxin; Yu, Yunxian. 2015. "The Difference in Nutrient Intakes between Chinese and Mediterranean, Japanese and American Diets." Nutrients 7, no. 6: 4661-4688.