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Nutrients 2015, 7(5), 3497-3523; doi:10.3390/nu7053497

Impacts of Maternal Nutrition on Vascularity of Nutrient Transferring Tissues during Gestation and Lactation

1
Department of Animal Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58102, USA
2
Department of Animal and Dairy Sciences, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
3
Division of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbus, MO 65210, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 December 2014 / Revised: 28 March 2015 / Accepted: 3 April 2015 / Published: 13 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition in Pregnancy)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [182 KB, uploaded 13 May 2015]

Abstract

As the demand for food increases with exponential growth in the world population, it is imperative that we understand how to make livestock production as efficient as possible in the face of decreasing available natural resources. Moreover, it is important that livestock are able to meet their metabolic demands and supply adequate nutrition to developing offspring both during pregnancy and lactation. Specific nutrient supplementation programs that are designed to offset deficiencies, enhance efficiency, and improve nutrient supply during pregnancy can alter tissue vascular responses, fetal growth, and postnatal offspring outcomes. This review outlines how vascularity in nutrient transferring tissues, namely the maternal gastrointestinal tract, the utero-placental tissue, and the mammary gland, respond to differing nutritional planes and other specific nutrient supplementation regimes. View Full-Text
Keywords: mammary gland; placenta; small intestine; uterine blood flow mammary gland; placenta; small intestine; uterine blood flow
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Vonnahme, K.A.; Lemley, C.O.; Caton, J.S.; Meyer, A.M. Impacts of Maternal Nutrition on Vascularity of Nutrient Transferring Tissues during Gestation and Lactation. Nutrients 2015, 7, 3497-3523.

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