Next Article in Journal
The Key Role of Government in Addressing the Pandemic of Micronutrient Deficiency Conditions in Southeast Asia
Next Article in Special Issue
B-Vitamins and Bone Health–A Review of the Current Evidence
Previous Article in Journal
Meta-Analysis of the Association between Vitamin D and Autoimmune Thyroid Disease
Previous Article in Special Issue
Maternal Dietary Patterns during Pregnancy in Relation to Offspring Forearm Fractures: Prospective Study from the Danish National Birth Cohort
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2015, 7(4), 2499-2517; doi:10.3390/nu7042499

Increased Intake of Selected Vegetables, Herbs and Fruit may Reduce Bone Turnover in Post-Menopausal Women

1
School of Food and Nutrition, Massey Institute of Food Science and Technology, Massey University, Private Bag 11222, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand
2
Liggins Institute, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
3
School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 January 2015 / Revised: 18 March 2015 / Accepted: 23 March 2015 / Published: 8 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Bone Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [220 KB, uploaded 9 April 2015]   |  

Abstract

Increased consumption of vegetables/herbs/fruit may reduce bone turnover and urinary calcium loss in post-menopausal women because of increased intake of polyphenols and potassium, but comparative human studies are lacking. The main aim was to compare bone turnover markers and urinary calcium excretion in two randomised groups (n = 50) of healthy post-menopausal women consuming ≥9 servings of different vegetables/herbs/fruit combinations (three months). Group A emphasised a generic range of vegetables/herbs/fruit, whereas Group B emphasised specific vegetables/herbs/fruit with bone resorption-inhibiting properties (Scarborough Fair Diet), with both diets controlled for potential renal acid load (PRAL). Group C consumed their usual diet. Plasma bone markers, urinary electrolytes (24 h) and estimated dietary PRAL were assessed at baseline and 12 weeks. Procollagen type I N propeptide (PINP) decreased (−3.2 μg/L, p < 0.01) in the B group only, as did C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX) (−0.065 μg/L, p < 0.01) in women with osteopenia compared to those with normal bone mineral density (BMD) within this group. Intervention Groups A and B had decreased PRAL, increased urine pH and significantly decreased urinary calcium loss. Urinary potassium increased in all groups, reflecting a dietary change. In conclusion, Group B demonstrated positive changes in both turnover markers and calcium conservation. View Full-Text
Keywords: fruit; vegetables and herbs; bone resorption; bone formation; phytochemicals; potential renal acid load fruit; vegetables and herbs; bone resorption; bone formation; phytochemicals; potential renal acid load
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Gunn, C.A.; Weber, J.L.; McGill, A.-T.; Kruger, M.C. Increased Intake of Selected Vegetables, Herbs and Fruit may Reduce Bone Turnover in Post-Menopausal Women. Nutrients 2015, 7, 2499-2517.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top