Next Article in Journal
Emphasizing the Health Benefits of Vitamin D for Those with Neurodevelopmental Disorders and Intellectual Disabilities
Next Article in Special Issue
Biomarkers of Selenium Status
Previous Article in Journal
Salacinol and Related Analogs: New Leads for Type 2 Diabetes Therapeutic Candidates from the Thai Traditional Natural Medicine Salacia chinensis
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Effect on Selenium Concentrations of a Randomized Intervention with Fish and Mussels in a Population with Relatively Low Habitual Dietary Selenium Intake
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Nutrients 2015, 7(3), 1494-1537;

A Review of Dietary Selenium Intake and Selenium Status in Europe and the Middle East

Station Road, Polegate, East Sussex, BN26 6EA, UK
Research consultant to Wassen International Ltd. Cedar Court Office Park, Denby Dale Road, Wakefield WF4 3DB, UK
Horsburgh Dr., Berwick, N.S., B0P 1E0, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 January 2015 / Revised: 23 January 2015 / Accepted: 5 February 2015 / Published: 27 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Selenium and Human Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [492 KB, uploaded 27 February 2015]   |  


This is a systematic review of existing data on dietary selenium (Se) intake and status for various population groups in Europe (including the United Kingdom (UK)) and the Middle East. It includes English language systematic reviews, meta-analyses, randomised controlled trials, cohort studies, cross-sectional and case-control studies obtained through PUBMED searches from January, 2002, to November, 2014, for European data and from 1990 to November 2014, for Middle Eastern data. Reports were selected if they included data on Se intake and status. The search identified 19 European/UK studies and 15 investigations in the Middle East that reported Se intake and Se concentration in water and/or food and 48 European/UK studies and 44 investigations in the Middle East reporting Se status. Suboptimal Se status was reported to be widespread throughout Europe, the UK and the Middle East, and these results agreed with previous reports highlighting the problem. Eastern European countries had lower Se intake than Western European countries. Middle Eastern studies provided varying results, possibly due to varying food habits and imports in different regions and within differing socioeconomic groups. In conclusion, Se intake and status is suboptimal in European and Middle Eastern countries, with less consistency in the Middle East. View Full-Text
Keywords: selenium; dietary intake; nutrient status; Europe; Middle East; United Kingdom; deficiency selenium; dietary intake; nutrient status; Europe; Middle East; United Kingdom; deficiency

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Stoffaneller, R.; Morse, N.L. A Review of Dietary Selenium Intake and Selenium Status in Europe and the Middle East. Nutrients 2015, 7, 1494-1537.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top