Next Article in Journal
Advanced Glycation End Products: Link between Diet and Ovulatory Dysfunction in PCOS?
Next Article in Special Issue
A Historical Review of Changes in Nutrition Standards of USDA Child Meal Programs Relative to Research Findings on the Nutritional Adequacy of Program Meals and the Diet and Nutritional Health of Participants: Implications for Future Research and the Summer Food Service Program
Previous Article in Journal
Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in the FADS Gene Cluster but not the ELOVL2 Gene are Associated with Serum Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Composition and Development of Allergy (in a Swedish Birth Cohort)
Previous Article in Special Issue
Change in Metabolic Profile after 1-Year Nutritional-Behavioral Intervention in Obese Children
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2015, 7(12), 10116-10128; doi:10.3390/nu7125522

Associations of Child Temperament with Child Overweight and Breakfast Habits: A Population Study in Five-Year-Olds

1
Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo 0403, Norway
2
Institute of Psychology, University of Oslo, Oslo 0373, Norway
The authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 November 2015 / Revised: 4 November 2015 / Accepted: 26 November 2015 / Published: 3 December 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [214 KB, uploaded 3 December 2015]

Abstract

This study examines the associations of child temperament with overweight/obesity and breakfast habits. Participants were 17,409 five-year-olds whose mothers partake in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa), and completed a questionnaire at the child’s 5th birthday. Temperament was assessed as externalizing, internalizing and sociable temperament. Breakfast habits differentiated between “every day”, “4 to 6 times a week”, and “0 to 3 times a week”. The child’s weight status was determined by Body Mass Index-percentiles and categorized as normal weight versus overweight/obese. Children with externalizing temperament had higher odds of being overweight and higher odds of not eating breakfast daily. Children high in internalizing temperament had higher odds of not eating breakfast daily, but not of being overweight. Children with average scores of sociability were more prone to being overweight but had normal breakfast habits. All results were adjusted for key confounders. That five-year-olds high in externalizing temperament had a higher risk to be overweight adds important information to the literature. The association of externalizing temperament with child breakfast habits so early in life is intriguing, as parents mostly control eating patterns in children that young. Mechanisms mediating this association should be explored. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; temperament; overweight; obesity; breakfast; cross-sectional children; temperament; overweight; obesity; breakfast; cross-sectional
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Skogheim, T.S.; Vollrath, M.E. Associations of Child Temperament with Child Overweight and Breakfast Habits: A Population Study in Five-Year-Olds. Nutrients 2015, 7, 10116-10128.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top