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Nutrients 2015, 7(11), 9229-9255; doi:10.3390/nu7115462

Cell Systems to Investigate the Impact of Polyphenols on Cardiovascular Health

1
Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Human Nutrition, Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Coupure Links, Ghent 653 B-9000, Belgium
2
Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, Maslak 34469, Istanbul, Turkey
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 September 2015 / Revised: 21 October 2015 / Accepted: 28 October 2015 / Published: 11 November 2015
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Abstract

Polyphenols are a diverse group of micronutrients from plant origin that may serve as antioxidants and that contribute to human health in general. More specifically, many research groups have investigated their protective effect against cardiovascular diseases in several animal studies and human trials. Yet, because of the excessive processing of the polyphenol structure by human cells and the residing intestinal microbial community, which results in a large variability between the test subjects, the exact mechanisms of their protective effects are still under investigation. To this end, simplified cell culture systems have been used to decrease the inter-individual variability in mechanistic studies. In this review, we will discuss the different cell culture models that have been used so far for polyphenol research in the context of cardiovascular diseases. We will also review the current trends in cell culture research, including co-culture methodologies. Finally, we will discuss the potential of these advanced models to screen for cardiovascular effects of the large pool of bioactive polyphenols present in foods and their metabolites. View Full-Text
Keywords: co-culture; cytokine; endothelium; intestine; liver co-culture; cytokine; endothelium; intestine; liver
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Grootaert, C.; Kamiloglu, S.; Capanoglu, E.; Van Camp, J. Cell Systems to Investigate the Impact of Polyphenols on Cardiovascular Health. Nutrients 2015, 7, 9229-9255.

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