Next Article in Journal
Associations between Infant Feeding Practice Prior to Six Months and Body Mass Index at Six Years of Age
Previous Article in Journal
Analysis of Wheat Prolamins, the Causative Agents of Celiac Sprue, Using Reversed Phase High Performance Liquid Chromatography (RP-HPLC) and Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS)
Nutrients 2014, 6(4), 1598-1607; doi:10.3390/nu6041598

Nativity and Serum Concentrations of Antioxidants in Mexican American Children: A Cross-Sectional Study

1,* , 2
Received: 23 January 2014 / Revised: 18 March 2014 / Accepted: 31 March 2014 / Published: 16 April 2014
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [192 KB, uploaded 16 April 2014]


There is limited research on the effect of immigration on biological markers of nutrition among children of Mexican origin in the United States. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) (1988–1994), on a national and representative sample of 1559 Mexican American children, 4–16 years of age, and assess the associations of country of birth with serum concentrations of carotenoids, vitamin A, and vitamin E. In multiple regression analyses, Mexico-born Mexican American children had significantly higher serum concentrations of α-carotene, β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, lutein/zeaxanthin, vitamin A, and vitamin E than their counterparts who were born in the United States after adjustment for age, sex, poverty income ratio, level of education of family reference person, body mass index, total serum cholesterol, serum cotinine, total energy intake, and vitamin/mineral consumption. Our findings confirm evidence for a negative effect of immigration/acculturation on dietary quality in this population. These findings also suggest that immigrant Mexican families should be encouraged to maintain their consumption of fruits and vegetables. Prospective studies are needed to further assess the effects of immigration/acculturation on diet and other health outcomes in children of Mexican origin and immigrants.
Keywords: Mexican Americans; nativity; acculturation; immigration; antioxidants; carotenoids Mexican Americans; nativity; acculturation; immigration; antioxidants; carotenoids
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
MDPI and ACS Style

Eldeirawi, K.; Koenig, M.D.; Persky, V.; Chavez, N. Nativity and Serum Concentrations of Antioxidants in Mexican American Children: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients 2014, 6, 1598-1607.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


Cited By

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert