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Nutrients 2013, 5(7), 2352-2371; doi:10.3390/nu5072352

Calcidiol Deficiency in End-Stage Organ Failure and after Solid Organ Transplantation: Status quo

Division of Nephrology and Dialysis, Department of Internal Medicine III, Medical University of Vienna, Spitalgasse 23, Vienna 1090, Austria
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Received: 7 May 2013 / Revised: 13 June 2013 / Accepted: 14 June 2013 / Published: 1 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vitamin D and Human Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [438 KB, uploaded 1 July 2013]

Abstract

Among patients with organ failure, vitamin D deficiency is extremely common and frequently does not resolve after transplantation. This review crystallizes and summarizes existing data on the status quo of vitamin D deficiency in patients with organ failure and in solid organ transplant recipients. Interventional studies evaluating different treatment strategies, as well as current clinical practice guidelines and recommendations on the management of low vitamin D status in these patients are also discussed.
Keywords: vitamin D; heart failure; pulmonary disease; liver failure; chronic kidney disease; transplantation; calcidiol; rejection; supplementation; guidelines vitamin D; heart failure; pulmonary disease; liver failure; chronic kidney disease; transplantation; calcidiol; rejection; supplementation; guidelines
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Thiem, U.; Olbramski, B.; Borchhardt, K. Calcidiol Deficiency in End-Stage Organ Failure and after Solid Organ Transplantation: Status quo. Nutrients 2013, 5, 2352-2371.

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