Nutrients 2013, 5(7), 2352-2371; doi:10.3390/nu5072352
Review

Calcidiol Deficiency in End-Stage Organ Failure and after Solid Organ Transplantation: Status quo

Division of Nephrology and Dialysis, Department of Internal Medicine III, Medical University of Vienna, Spitalgasse 23, Vienna 1090, Austria
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 May 2013; in revised form: 13 June 2013 / Accepted: 14 June 2013 / Published: 1 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vitamin D and Human Health)
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Abstract: Among patients with organ failure, vitamin D deficiency is extremely common and frequently does not resolve after transplantation. This review crystallizes and summarizes existing data on the status quo of vitamin D deficiency in patients with organ failure and in solid organ transplant recipients. Interventional studies evaluating different treatment strategies, as well as current clinical practice guidelines and recommendations on the management of low vitamin D status in these patients are also discussed.
Keywords: vitamin D; heart failure; pulmonary disease; liver failure; chronic kidney disease; transplantation; calcidiol; rejection; supplementation; guidelines

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MDPI and ACS Style

Thiem, U.; Olbramski, B.; Borchhardt, K. Calcidiol Deficiency in End-Stage Organ Failure and after Solid Organ Transplantation: Status quo. Nutrients 2013, 5, 2352-2371.

AMA Style

Thiem U, Olbramski B, Borchhardt K. Calcidiol Deficiency in End-Stage Organ Failure and after Solid Organ Transplantation: Status quo. Nutrients. 2013; 5(7):2352-2371.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Thiem, Ursula; Olbramski, Bartosz; Borchhardt, Kyra. 2013. "Calcidiol Deficiency in End-Stage Organ Failure and after Solid Organ Transplantation: Status quo." Nutrients 5, no. 7: 2352-2371.

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