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Assessing Eating Disorder Risk: The Pivotal Role of Achievement Anxiety, Depression and Female Gender in Non-Clinical Samples
Centre for Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Division of Medicine, University College London, Rockefeller Building, 21 University Street, London, WC1E 6DE, UK
Department of Business Administration, Technological Educational Institute (TEI) of Athens, Agiou Spyridonos Street, Egaleo 12210, Athens, Greece
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 December 2012; in revised form: 18 January 2013 / Accepted: 22 February 2013 / Published: 12 March 2013
Abstract: The objective of the present study was to assess factors predicting eating disorder risk in a sample of undergraduate students. A structured questionnaire was employed on a random sample (n = 1865) consisting of the following sections: demographics, SCOFF (Sick, Control, One stone, Fat, Food) questionnaire for screening eating disorders and the Achievement Anxiety Test and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale. The students at risk for eating disorders (SCOFF score ≥2) were 39.7%. Eating disorder risk was more frequent in females, students with divorced parents, students who lived alone, students who were seeking a romantic relationship or were married, students who were at a post-secondary vocational institute/college (private-public) educational level and who were more likely to have marks under merit level. Also, the mean scores for the psychological factors of depression, stress and anxiety were higher in students with eating disorder risk. A logistic regression model was produced depicting that depression, stress, female gender, being married and searching for a romantic relationship were risk factors of having an eating disorder risk. The suggested psychological model examined with structural equation modelling signified the role of academic anxiety as an immediate precursor of general anxiety. Hence, college populations in Greece need organized infrastructures of nutrition health services and campaigns to assist in reducing the risk of eating disorders.
Keywords: eating disorders risk; female gender; romantic relationships; logistic regression; structural equation modelling
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Fragkos, K.C.; Frangos, C.C. Assessing Eating Disorder Risk: The Pivotal Role of Achievement Anxiety, Depression and Female Gender in Non-Clinical Samples. Nutrients 2013, 5, 811-828.
Fragkos KC, Frangos CC. Assessing Eating Disorder Risk: The Pivotal Role of Achievement Anxiety, Depression and Female Gender in Non-Clinical Samples. Nutrients. 2013; 5(3):811-828.
Fragkos, Konstantinos C.; Frangos, Christos C. 2013. "Assessing Eating Disorder Risk: The Pivotal Role of Achievement Anxiety, Depression and Female Gender in Non-Clinical Samples." Nutrients 5, no. 3: 811-828.