Nutrients 2013, 5(11), 4390-4398; doi:10.3390/nu5114390

Vitamin K Status in Chronic Kidney Disease

1email, 1 and 2,* email
Received: 11 July 2013; in revised form: 17 October 2013 / Accepted: 31 October 2013 / Published: 7 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vitamin K Nutrition and Metabolism)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The purpose of this review is to summarize the research to date on vitamin K status in chronic kidney disease (CKD). This review includes a summary of the data available on vitamin K status in patients across the spectrum of CKD as well as the link between vitamin K deficiency in CKD and bone dynamics, including mineralization and demineralization, as well as ectopic mineralization. It also describes two current clinical trials that are underway evaluating vitamin K treatment in CKD patients. These data may inform future clinical practice in this population.
Keywords: vitamin K; chronic kidney disease; renal insufficiency; vitamin K-dependent proteins
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MDPI and ACS Style

McCabe, K.M.; Adams, M.A.; Holden, R.M. Vitamin K Status in Chronic Kidney Disease. Nutrients 2013, 5, 4390-4398.

AMA Style

McCabe KM, Adams MA, Holden RM. Vitamin K Status in Chronic Kidney Disease. Nutrients. 2013; 5(11):4390-4398.

Chicago/Turabian Style

McCabe, Kristin M.; Adams, Michael A.; Holden, Rachel M. 2013. "Vitamin K Status in Chronic Kidney Disease." Nutrients 5, no. 11: 4390-4398.

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